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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1728] (245/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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tramway. The charges on the tramway were kept within bounds only
by the competition of mule carriage, a factor which the Persian autho'
rities at one time tried to eliminate by intimidation of the muleteers,
Caravanserais and bazaars were duly built at Nasiri by the Company.
In May 1893 the Nasiri Company announced that they had opened
the Diz river to traffic and had placed on it the ee Susa which was
now worked by them. This vessel made several trips on the Diz, but
on one occasion had great difficulty in returning, being nearly wrecked
below Kut Bandar, and leaving behind a barge which she had in tow.
There was also a hitch as to customs facilities by this route, and the
service ceased. In this year the Company^, or perhaps more correctly
the Shaikh of Muhammareh^s, operations on the lower Karun were dis
continued, and Messrs. Lynch were left for a time in sole possession of
the lower river.
In 1895 a new Persian Company, known as the Shahanshahi, was
formed by the Shaikh of Muhammareh and some Shushtar merchants for
the carrying trade of the Karun, and almost at once recaptured from
Messrs. Lynch the bulk of the local shipping trade to Nasiri and of the
through trade to Shushtar.
Embargoes Arbitrary and useless embargoes on the exportation of food stuffs
on the export . . i . . 0 r
of grain from from Arabistan, similar to those from which the trade of the Persian
Coast suffered, retarded the natural development of trade on the Karun 1
by restricting the operations of British merchants and other wholesale
exporters, so discouraging producers from increasing their output.
The Karun had hardly been opened to navigation when an interdict
on the exportation of wheat was imposed on the lower river and was
presently extended to the upper, though the existence of scarcity appear
ed doubtful and the accumulation of grain in the country seemed I
unlikely, in any case, to benefit the people at large. Again in 1891 the i
export of wheat from the upper Karun was prohibited in July, from
Muhammareh in November.
In 1893—1894 the crops on the Karun were good, but the export of
grain was again temporarily prevented.
Yet again, about the middle of 1895, notwithstanding the suffi'
ciency of the preceding harvest, an embargo on grain was suddenly im
posed ; but, the notice given being unreasonably short in view of local
difficulties connected with purchase and land and river transport, a
postponement of the date of its coming into force was with difficulty
obtained. This embargo caused inconvenience to the Shaikh of
the Karun

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1728] (245/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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