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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1729] (246/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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"sian a!
M ()|
'v wiei
^ aiii:
)re coiik
m werei
inslialiii i
Muhammareh and his subjects; who complained in consequence that
they found it hard to meet the Persian revenue demand for the year ; but
it was largely evaded by the clandestine removal of grain from
Hawizeh and other districts to Basrah in Turkish territory, and by
the shipment of flamuz produce from the Persian port of Ma^shur,
where the embargo was not enforced. Thus the restriction while it
injured the honest trade of British firms, stimulated smuggling by
natives of the country and failed in its ostensible object, which was the
retention of grain in Persia. The period for which the interdict would
remain in force being uncertain, and indications existing of its having
been contrived by the Persian officials for reasons which they could not
avow, foreign merchants continued to purchase wheat in the expectation
that sooner or later, by one means or another, they would be enabled to
export it; but this did not suit the wire-pullers behind the scenes ;
and presently not the exportation of grain alone but even its purchase
and collection for storage were declared illegal.
In January 1896 the embargo was partially relaxed by the Persian 1896,
Governor of ''Arabistan, who permitted certain stocks to be exported,
apparently without proper authority from Tehran, though the central
Government were now disposed to let grain already bought
leave the country, provided that no fresh purchases were made by
exporters until the next crop was assured. At this time the whole of the
arrangements connected with the embargo were in a state of chaos which
mtpui bespoke the fraudulent motives underlying it, the Karguzar refusing to
an into recognise orders passed by the Governor, and the Shaikh of Muham-
rivei'J mareh recovering export duty on consignments upon which the
arcityf Governor had levied it already. For the double payments made by
untiy sfc British exporters redress could not be obtained nearer than Tehran. In
nnfl March the Governor capriciously put a stop to exportation, although
in JiV spring harvest, which was at hand, gave excellent promise. Presently
however, he withdrew his effective veto once more ; and the embargo,
the Was then understood to be at an end, every one acting as if it were;
but its cessation was never officially notified.
ing i n spite of the numerous impediments described above, Messrs. Lynch Growth of
isudM persevered in their Kamn enterprise; and though for some years at least the
^ ttie postal subsidy paid them by the British and Indian Governments 1888-1806,
r tranf failed to cover a deficit on their operations on the lower river—to say
^ | nothing of the loss which they incurred on the Shalr's behalf on the
^ St u pper ; a considerable impulse was given to the general prosperity of the
: food i
if thePi
i the I
her wMe

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1729] (246/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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