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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1730] (247/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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country through its trade. Import showed no decided increase but between
1890 and 1896 exports were more than doubled. Muhammareh grew
rapidly in size and importance, and even Nasiri became a considerable
Road projects connected with 'Arabistan, 1873—1896.
Eival road
The question of placing the province of ; Arabistan in communication
with the central and northern districts of Persia by means of a road
practicable for caravans, if not for wheeled vehicles, became prominent
in the later years of Nasir-ad-Din Shah^s reign in connection with the
Karun trade route scheme. Such a road was indispensable, in the
absence of a railway, if goods imported by the Persian Grulf were to be
placed on favourable terms in the markets which it was desired to
capture. The road problem was two-fold : it had to be determined,
firstly, which was the best alignment for a road uniting ^Arabistan
and northern Persia; and, secondly, whether a road following that
alignment could be rendered superior to one following the old estab
lished trade route from the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. to the interior of Persia by
Bushehr, Shiraz, and Isfahan.
Messrs. Gray, Paul and Co., the British firm by which the Karun
trade route scheme was principally pushed until the opening of the
river to navigation, evidently held that a road to the north could be
made from 'Arabistan which would be preferable to any Bushehr-Isfahan
road, and they at one time inclined to a Shushtar-Isfahan alignment; but
the opinion regarding alignment, to which they did uot absolutely
commit themselves, rested on rather slender data. The ''Arabistan road
question was somewhat elucidated in the discussion of the Karun trade
route scheme in 1882-83, in which Sir H. Rawlinson, Sir O. St. John,
Mr. Baring, Captain Wells, and Mr. B. Thomson took part ; but there
was little agreement among the contributors to the debate, Sir
H. Rawlinson preferring the Bushehr-Shiraz-Isfahan route to any rond
northwards from ^Arabistan ; while Sir O. St. John thought a mule path
from Shushtar to Isfahan or from Dizful to Khurramabad would be
better, and Mr. Baring suggested a new but unsurveyed line from
Bushehr vid Behbehan to Isfahan. The information on the subject
available at the time was in fact too scanty to admit of a final decision
being reached. It was established, however, that the shortest road from
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About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1730] (247/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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