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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1733] (250/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The discussion of the Karun trade route scheme by British experts
in 1882, already twice referred to, embraced, though not expressly, the
subject of railways as well as that of roads. The most interesting opinion
in regard to railways was expressed by Sir O. St. John, who argued,
quoting parts of Spain and the western coast of South America as in
stances in point, that cartroads were unsuitable to southern Persia and
that there was no useful via media between a mule path and a light rail
way ; and he evidently favoured the idea of a light railway running north
wards from ^Arabistan. Captain Wells regarded a line of railway follow
ing a direct line from Shashtar to Isfahan as not feasible, but he thought
that a practicable alignment between those two centres might be found
by Behbehan and Shiraz.
In 1887 a project was mooted for the construction of a railway
between Ahwaz and Tehran, apparently by a British Company.
Security was demanded by the projectors in the shape of one half of
whatever increase might be obtained in the customs revenue of the
Persian Government from Muhammareh, Shushtar, and Bushehr, and
the British Government also would seem to have been asked for some
guarantee; but the project, as framed, did not meet with the
approval of Her Majesty's Minsters. Nothing came of it, unless an
undertaking by the Shah in 1889, noticed elsewhere, that Britain should
receive a preference in connection with railway construction in Southern
of the rail
way question
by British
experts, 1882.
Irrigation projects in 'Arabistan, 1875-83.
Attention having once been directed to 'Arabistan by the Karun trade
loute scheme, it was inevitable that proposals for irrigating the province
by a restoration of the ancient ruined barrage at Ahwaz should follow.
In December 1875 Dr. Tholozan, physician to the Shah, with whom rp^ 1, .
be had great influence, and himself a man of much ability, approached schemetlSTS-
the Peisian Government on the subject of a concession for the general
development of ; Arabistan, which he suggested might be granted to a
Prench company. The concession should authorise the reconstruction
^ the Ahwaz dam by the company, together with the reclamation, and
irrigation of the large tracts of fertile country which it would command;
a] id it should also convey to them the right of working mines and forests

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1733] (250/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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