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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1734] (251/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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and of establishing manufactories of all kinds. The working of the
draft concession was general, but the object in view seemed to be to
acquire preferential if not exclusive rights for France; without exciting
the suspicions or wounding the susceptibilities of the Persian Government.
The grant of this concession was opposed by the British Minister at
Tehran on the ground that it would render impossible an amicable
adjustment of the claims of Baron Renter, a British concessionaire,
upon the Persian Government ; and the Shah, yielding to his pressure,
rejected the French proposals in July 1876,
Meanwhile, an indigenous scheme for extending irrigation and the
cultivation of indigo for home consumption in the neighbourhood of
Shushtar came before the Shah^s Council in January 1876 ; but nothing
resulted from it.
When the Shah visited Paris in 1878 Dr. Tholozan^s scheme was
again brought up and discussed; but the only information which His
Majesty, on his return to Tehran, would import to the British Minister
was that a concession for irrigation at Ahwaz was included in a Frojet cle
Reformer which he had prepared. At the beginning of September 1878
it became known that the French concession had been approved by the
Council of State ; and in October, notwithstanding representations by
Her Britannic Majesty^s Minister that an equitable settlement of the
claims of Baron Renter should receive precedence, it was given to Dr.
Tholozan, largely—it was believed—as an inducement to him to continue
in medical attendance upon the Shah. The concession as soon as it had
been actually granted, was attacked by the British Minister on the
ground of its being a violation in two respects, of British treaty
rights ; for one of its articles gave the French concessionaires complete
control of navigation locks which they were empowered to construct at
the Ahwaz dam, ijpso facto excluding the British from most-favoured
nation treatment j and by another article the right of building any
where on lands irrigated from the restored barrage, in other words over
a gieah part of the plains of "'Arabistan, was illegally reserved to the
concession holders. The infringement of Baron Renter's unjustly can
celled concession was also emphasised. Thereupon the French concession,
which for some reason was not supported or even favourably regarded
by the French Government or their representative at Tehran, was revoked
by the Shah, with the assent of Dr. Tholozan.
The French project seems to have lingered on, though without much
prospect of realisation, until January 1882 when an engineer of the
French Government M. Dieulafoy, in the course of a journey in Persia and

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1734] (251/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 July 2024]

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