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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1746] (263/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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between the
Shaikh of
reh and the
Khans, J 897
1,1)1! »t
ifoinci &
In the autumn of 1898 Shaikh Khaz^al made an expedition against
the Bawijeh in the country between the Karun and the Jarrahi and re-
duced them to submission.
After this, under the Shaikhs government, order reigned as a rule
throughout Southern ^Arabistan.
Ka^ab of the Nassar section, settled on ^Abbadan Island, who had
given trouble to Shaikh Miz'al in 1883 and again in 1887, having again
attempted to raise their heads, Shaikh Khaz'al in 1905 settled 1,500 male
immigrants of the 'Idan tribe from Turkish territory at Qasbeh on tlie
Shatt-aWArab and temporarily posted 500 tribal levies there : the result
was the firm establishment of his authority in a remote and hitherto
sparsely inhabited corner of the Muhammareh district, and a decide!
check to piracy on the Shatt-al-^Arab*
In the same year the A1 Bu Eawayeh of the Ahwaz district, aided
by another tribe, made an unsuccessful attack on the Bani Tamim ; audi
such was now the state of the country that the occurrence was re
marked as unusual.
While the influence of the Shaikh of Muhammareh was advancing
northwards, as well as in other directions, that of the Bakhtiyari Khans
was extending southwards. About 1896 the district of Ramuz hadbeeJ
purchased by the Bakhtiyaris from the Persian Government and aboutj
1898 they acquired the plain of ''Aqili from its original Shushtari prol
prietors, besides which a large part of the country between Shnshtr
town and the Diz river, and even a tract between the Karkheh _
Shaur rivers to the north of Shush, passed into their hands. 3
A common distrust of the Persian Government formed a bond of
union between the Khans and the Shaikh of Muhammareh, but
was also a tendency to a collision between their interests. In 1898,
has been mentioned, the Persian Governor-General of'Arabistan coiilF^ ^
not persuade the Khans to interpose decidedly in Fallahiyeh affairs in i^ asral]
llis dealir
il Wilaja
im m
? lirza H:
manner unfavourable to the Shaikh ; but the Bakhtiyari road, betweeJ
Ahwaz and Ispahan, opened at the end of 1899, threatened at one time
to become a cause of dissension, for, while the prestige and profits of til
road went to the Khans, the Shaikh was required to protect the portion^
it in the Ahwaz district. In 1903 a caravan travelling on the roaf^eai]
was attacked in the low country by Khasraj (Bani-Lam) raiders, and ffcnias
dispute as to responsibility followed, in which the decision of thePeH^and t]
sian Government was adverse to the Shaikh. Nevertheless, as has b eeD ^enitory
mentioned, the Bakhtiyari Khans helped Shaikh Khaz^al in his expelk^ J
tion against the Bani Turuf in 1904.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1746] (263/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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