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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1747] (264/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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^ ^ In 1905 a difference which had arisen regarding the ownership of a 1905.
rr % tract named Raghaiweh, situated on the Bakhtiyari Road on the confines
of the Ahwaz district, was aggravated by the flight to it of refugees from
' lle ^ s ! the Shaikhs authority, whom the Khans refused to surrender. Eventual-
ly an order was obtained from Tehran for the forcible repatriation of
H wb; the Raghaiweh refugees, but it was abused in the execution, and Shaikh
Khaz^al Khan then apparently relinquished his claim and complaints.
ed 1,511,
.asbet ot
re: fc.
j an j| Relations of the Shaikh of Mnhammareli with the Turkish
^ a j f Government, 1896-1905.
The question of piracies on the Shatt-al-^Arab, the most important Piracies on
| ianilC upon the Muhammareh Easrah frontier, in which Persia and Turkey had ^ S^att-al-
n a joint interest, is fully discussed in the chapter on the history of 1896-1905.
Turkish ; Iraq.
iV3iS cldfll
In his dealings with the neighbouring Turkish authorities of the ^ tlier ( l ues "
^ Basrah Wilayat, Shaikh Khaz^al generally maintained the independent 1896-1905.
^ ^ but not provocative attitude of his predecessors Shaikh Jabir and Shaikh
Miz^al. His interests in Turkish territory were large, consisting partly
k ^ as explained in the history of Turkish 'Iraq, in the allegiance of large
jWeei11 numbers of his own tribesmen cultivating lands to the west of the Shatt-
al-'Arab ; and he did not fail to add, by fresh purchases, to the estates in
181 Turkey left him by his father and his brother. At Basrah his represen-
tative Mirza Hamzah, a Turkish subject, enjoyed considerable influence
iare ^ 1 aT1( l respect; but the increasing power of the Shaikh at home and abroad
^ ^ was regarded with jealousy by the local Turkish officials and friction
between Basrah and Muhammareh became not infrequent. Crimes
[ijrefl w occurring in Turkish territory were the commonest cause of difficulty, the
riroa, Turkish authorities often alleging that they were committed by subjects
ed at ® 0 f the Shaikh, and sometimes that they were the work of his personal
ad pro dependents, acting under instructions. It was true that the Shaikh had
ctttepc. [ n ^-g serv j ce a 0 f characters, but he justified his emplov-
^ mei1 ^ ^ ein as means o: ^ keeping them under observation and
^ of| reStraillt ' an ^ c ^ ar ^ e ^ sometimes promoted outrages in
[ess as^ ^ err ^ory, as a means of retaliating on the Turkish authorities
inW ^ Un ^ en ^ty acts, was one that could not be proved. Another
Turkish allegation, that the Shaikh generally prevailed by bribuxg
120 A

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1747] (264/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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