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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1750] (267/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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190.1.. In 1901 the attitude of the Shaikh was unchanged, and he professed
to think that the policy of the Persian-Government towards him had
been suggested by Eussia because of his favourable attitude to British
interests, of which, he said, successive Karguzars of Muhammareh had
complained fco the Persian Foreign Office. In January 1901 Mr. Simais,
a Belgian Director-General of Customs from Bushehr, visited Muham-
mareh and formed the opinion that there would be no real difficulty in
depriving tiie Shaikh of the Customs j but he proposed that a reduction
of 30,000 Tumans should be made in the revenue annually payable by the
Shaikh, which included the farm of the Customs, and that an allowance
of 1^,000 to 15,000 Tumans a year should be granted him besides
instead of an exemption of his merchandise from customs duty which he
had hitherto enjoyed. A suggestion that payment of the indemnity to
be assigned to the Shaikh on the removal of the Customs from his
charge should be guaranteed by the British Government was discussed
among various British authorities, but without practical result. It came
to the knowledge of His Britannic Majesty^s Minister at Tehran that the
Persian Government intended, if the Shaikh remained obdurate, to sta
tion their gunboat " Persepolis ^ in the Shatt-al- ; Arab and prevent the
landing at Muhammareh of cargo on which duty had not previously been
paid at Bushehr. In August 1901 the Shaikh received a telegram from
the Persian Governor-General of ^Arabistan in which he was ordered to
hand over the management of the Muhammareh customs to Imperial
Officials; but, by representing that scarcity prevailed and that public
feeling was unsettled, he succeeded in obtaining a respite, nominally of
five months. During this delay it became evident that the Shaikh was
supported in his resistance by encouragement from some of his neigh
bours. The chiefs of the Dashtistan district near Bushehr were said to
have promised their aid to the Shaikh if he resisted the establish
ment of an Imperial Customs house at Muhammareh by force; and the
Bakhtiyari Khans, on whom the Persian Government were believed to
rely in case coercion became necessary, not only declared that they
would not lend themselves to such a policy, but went so far as to profess
great friendliness for him.
1902. I n March 1902 the Russian Legation at Tehran addressed the Persian
Government, protesting against irregularities in the collection of cus
toms at Muhammareh and urging that, for the sake of uniformity and
with a view to fair and equal treatment of the merchants of all nations,
a proper Customs administration should be established there without

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1750] (267/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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