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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1754] (271/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Grant of Fal-
lahiyeh to
the Shaikh of
niareh, 1903.
Grant of Hin-
diyan, Dih
Mulla, and
lands east of
the Karun to
the Shaikh of
M n h a m -
mareh, 1903.
Persian titles
conferred on
S h a i k li
Kaz'al and his
family, 1898-
tracts of land in the Jarrahi district and between the Karun and Karldieli
rivers, and it was at least possible that the lands composing the Shaikhs
territory might in a similar way be sold over his head to high Persian
officials, or court favourities, or wealthy merchants like the Mu ; m-ut.
In the same manner, by a separate Farman, " the place of Fallahiyell 3 ;,
as being e< part of the jurisdiction of His Excellency Shaikh Khazal Khan
was bestowed on him, also " as perpetual property/^ subject to payment
of " the usual annual revenue " and non-transfer of his proprietary rights
to foreigners. He was expressly " permitted and empowered to exercise
in those lands the possessory rights of ownership of every kindand
power of resuming this grant, also, was formally renounced by the
By a third Farman of the same date " the whole of Hindiyan and
Dih Mulla, which are a part of his jurisdiction, together with the lands
on the east of the Karun which are the place of his cultivation,^ were
granted to Shaikh Khaz^al on the same terms as Fallahiyeh, so that lie
might, u with the utmost hopefulness and extreme zeal, busy himself in
augmenting the improvement of those two places/''
The combined effect of the three grants was apparently to invest the
Shaikh with a secure title to all Southern ^Arabistan except the Hawizeli
district, of which the position was anomalous, and Ma^shur and other
tracts, which were owned by the Nizam-us-Saltaneh in partnership witli
the Muship-ud^Dauleh.
In April 1898 the title (Laqab) of " Mn'izz-us-Saltaneh,^ borne by his
predecessor in office, was renewed in Shaikh Khaz^al^s favour j and in
19U2 he was promoted to the rank (Mansab) of Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Arfa^ or Field
Marshal, his Kasib receiving at the same time the title of Nusrat-ul -Mulk.
British and Russian relations with the Shaikh of Muhammareli,
In Shaikh Khaz^al the British Government found a strong and well
disposed local ruler whose interests coincided with their own, and their
policy towards him was consequently one of support. The principal
object of British endeavour in Persia during the period was, as explained
in the chapter on the history of the Persian coast and islands, to prevfiDt
the extension of Russian influence into the Southern provinces and tbe

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1754] (271/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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