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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1759] (276/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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As I have however said above, I do not regard this danger, at any rate at present,
as a real one, The Persian Government desires, I am sure, as earnestly as we do the
preservation of peace in Arabistan; and the establishment of a Castoms house at
Mobammareh is, as I assured you last year, a fiscal, not a political, measure. It bas
already informed me in a friendly spirit of the conditions under which the new
arrangement has been made, and the British Government has instructed me to intim ate
its acquiescence in them.
We reserve of course our rigbt to object to any further change which we may con
sider likely, as affecting peace and trade on the Karun, to be detrimental to our
I hope that the new arrangement may work smoothly. There will very likely be
some small difficulties and friction at first, but I trust to your wisdom and judgment
to deal with them prudently and patiently. Our Consul has my orders to afford you
all help and advice, and you may place every reliance on my friendship. Toucan
write to me freely should you wish to do so as well as to the Resident at Bushire.
Meanwhile, on the 1st December 190^ His Britannic Majesty^s
Minister at Tehran had a conversation with the head of the Persian
Government concerning ''Arabistan affairs, which he reported in these
I spoke to the Grand Vizier on the first instant about Mohammareh and referred
to the two notes which Mr. des Graz had addressed on the subject to the Mushir-ed-
Dowleh, and the last of which had not yet been answered.
His Highness then endeavoured to argue that our interests were not affected by
any changes in the position of the Sheikh, who was a local Governor like any other.
I said I hoped he would allow me to be frank with him on the subject. I had no
wish to call in question the Shah's sovereignty over the Chief or people of Moham
mareh, which His Majesty's Government had always recognised.
Our experience in Seistan had, however, been a lesson in the effects on our interests
which a Russian Consul and Belgian Customs officials, who were not always judicious,
could produce at the residence of a remote and ill-informed Persian Governor. On
the Karun, as in Seistan, the Russians had no bona fide commercial interests, and
their recent appointment of a Consul could have only political objects. We are
determined not to have, if we could help it, another Seistan in Mohammareh, and to
let Sheikh Khazal therefore understand that, if Russian agents attempted to intimi
date him, or insinuate that they could bring pressure to bear on him owing to the
influence which they exercised at Tehran, we on our side were ready to support him.
It was because threats of this kind had been used by Prince Dabija, Russian Consul
at Ispahan, when he visited Mohammareh, that I had felt obliged to intimate to the
Sheikh that our naval forces in the Gulf were more powerful than those of Russia and
that they might be employed in certain eventualities for the purpose of maintaining
the status quo in which he anji we were alike interested.
And on the 5th December Sir A. Hardinge had addressed the
Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs as follows :

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1759] (276/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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