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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1811] (328/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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150 #
The Government o£ Bombay, who were heartily tired o£ the die-
agreemenfc with Karim Khan and of its direct and indirect conse-
queuecS;—in particular the frequent and prolonged detention in the
Gulf, at a heavy cost ; of the Company^ armed vessels, the impri
sonment of Mr. Beaumont^ and the prevalence of piracy,—resolved in
February 1775 to bring all these troubles to an end, if possible, by a
change both of measures and of men. They accordingly authorised
Mr. Robert Garden, who had previous experience of the Gulf and was
now proceeding on private business to Basrah, to take up the question of
Mr. Beaumont's release on his way at Bushehr, and, if he found that it
could not be effected nor security restored in the Gulf by any other
means, to re-establish the Bushehr Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. on a small scale, notwith
standing that this was in direct opposition to the orders of the Court of
Directors. At the same time they strictly enjoined the Agent and
Council at Basrah to give effect to any arrangement into which
Mr. Garden might enter under these instructions.
Before Mr. Garden could arrive, however, and open relations with
Karim Khan through Bushehr, a crisis had occurred at Basrah^ as more
fully explained in the history of Turkish •'Iraq, which brought the
Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. into direct conflict with some of the VaklFs subjects or subordi
nate allies. A Persian invasion of 'Iraq which had long been threatened
was now, in consequence of a defeat inflicted by the Turks on the Persians
in Kurdistan, actually carried out; and on the 7 th of April 1775, on the
very day of Mr. Garden's reaching Bushehr, a large force that had
recently crossed the Ottoman frontier under the command of Sadiq
Khan, Karim Khan's brother, commenced to besiege Basrah. Two or
three weeks earlier Mr. Moore and his Council, had imprudently allowed
the Company's vessels under their orders to attack a fleet of Ka'ab
Gallivats as it was pushing up the Shatt-al-'Arab to join the Persian
army near Qurnah; this was done with considerable success ; and the
Agent then wrote to Mr. Beaumont at Bushehr to send any cruiser that
^ight call there to his assistance with the utmost despatch. On the
Hth of April, however, dismayed by the approach of a large Persian
fleet of some 60 sail up the river towards the already invested town, the
Agent and his Council changed their minds and hurriedly left Basrah
^ith their vessels, abandoning the whole of the Company's property
there to its fate. As if further to embroil matters, the British squadron
lr i descending the Shatt-al-'Arab become partially engaged, near the
^outh of the Karun, with the ascending Bushehr fleet, which was com
manded by Shaikh Nasir; and tiring continued for some hours, but
without material damage to either side. 124) a.
Mission of
Mr. Garden,
Kupture of
the Basrah
Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. with
the Ka'ab and
the Shaikh
of Bushehr,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1811] (328/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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