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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1813] (330/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Persian Government wbich was terminated only by the death of Karim
When Basrah^ on the 16tli of April 1776, at length surrendered to
the Persians, Mr, Garden and Mr. Moore had apparently both returned
to India ; Mr. Beaumont was in charge of the Bushehr Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. , to
which on his release he had been appointed by Mr. Garden ; a Mr.
Galley had gone to Basrah to look after the interests and property of the
East India Company there, in an informal manner ; and the rest of the
Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. Staff, at the head of whom was now Mr. Digges Latouche,
were watching events from Bushehr. Mr. Galley having been well
received at Basrah by Sadiq Khan, who on the 20th of April placed him
in possession of the British Factory An East India Company trading post. building, Mr. Latouche decided to
return to Basrah with as little delay as possible ; and on the 5th of
May, after being detained at Bushehr for some time by adverse winds,
he and his party sailed for Basrah in a native vessel, taking with them
handsome presents for Sadiq Khan and Skaikh Nasir of Bushehr, the
latter of whom was still at Basrah with his fleet and had shown a good
disposition towards' Mr. Galley.
Early in June 1776 the Agent and his Council were able to report
that the Factory An East India Company trading post. had been successfully re-established, that the Persians
seemed very well disposed towards them, and that everything promised
well for the future. About the same time the assembled Persian fleets
were dispersed, and the commanders returned with their vessels to their
own ports, Shaikh Nasir reaching Bushehr upon the 30th of June.
The administration which the Persians had set up in Basrah was,
however, as explained in the history of Turkish ^Iraq, far from 8atisfac-
tory ; in September 1776 the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. found themselves subjected to severe
restraint; and in February 1777 the behaviour of the Persian Governor,
Ali Muhammad Khan, was such that it obliged them to shut themselves
np in the Factory An East India Company trading post. and to appeal by letter to Karim Khan at Shiraz. This
protest on their part was eminently successful, for not only did the Gover
nor at once make advances to them, which they thought it advisable to
disregard until their letter should have been answered, but the Vakil Elected representative or attorney, acting in legal matters such as contracting marriage, inheritance, or business; a high-ranking legal official; could also refer to a custodian or administrator. , on
becoming aware of the situation at Basrah, sent stringent orders to ^Ali
Muhammad Khan to show the utmost respect for the British and wrote
a cordial letter to Mr. Latouche, received by that gentleman on the 17th
of March 1777. In June 1777 another advantageous Farman was
granted to the Agent by Karim Khan.
The Court of Directors The London-based directors of the East India Company who dealt with the daily conduct of the Company's affairs. in London, when in 1777 news reached them
0 the difficulties by which the Company's servants at Basrah were
during the
occupation of
Basrah bj
the Persians,
June 1776.
1776 to
March 1777.
change, not
earned i n(;

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1813] (330/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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