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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1831] (348/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of Persian manuscripts, am org which was one of Mnhammad Mehdi
Khan's Life of Nadir Shah, afterwards translated from a different copy
by Sir W. Jones. Mr. Jervis's only regular assistant at Bushebr wa«
Mr. Natter, the son of a stone engraver of European reputation, who had
apparently the rank of Writer The lowest of the four classes into which East India Company civil servants were divided. A Writer’s duties originally consisted mostly of copying documents and book-keeping. in the Company's service; and except two
monks, one of whom called him self ^Bishop of Isfahan, there was then no
other European at Bushehr.
Mr. Hercules, who was Mr. Jervis's representative at Shiraz, belonged Mr, Hercules,
to a good English family but had no official status, being merely
Mr. Jervis's agent in private trade. The life of this gentleman at the
Persian capital was monotonous and unpleasant in the extreme, for he was
the only European settled there; an Armenian officer in Karim Khan's
artillery was the sole person with whom he could converse freely ; and
he could not, out of regard for his position in the eyes of the nobles and
great merchants, appear in the streets otherwise than mounted on horse
back and accompanied by a retinue of servants.
It seems probable that the anomalous position of Mr. Hercules at Restrictions
. • • tt n irc 1 ? 086 " by
Shiraz, where Mr. Jervis no doubt made use of him in public as well Directors
as in private business, in the end came to the knowledge of the Court of at
Directors in London and excited their disapproval, for the following ®^hehr,
words in their despatch of May 1766, already mentioned, by which
they imposed restrictions on the political activity of the Resident and
forbade him to appoint an agent at Shiraz, seem to apply very closely
to Mr. Hercules' case: a If it," i.e., the agent, u should be one of our
(i servants, it will be unnecessary expense, and much worse if an Armenian
<( or any country-born people, who will always act more for their private
" interest than that of the Company. The servants in the factory An East India Company trading post. who
" are not covenant servants of the Company and understand English,
t( if any such there are at present, must be suffered to see the Company s
" accounts or any letters or transactions regarding the Company's affairs,
" in which are to be employed but our own servants. If there are not
<( sufficient at present, the Presidency The name given to each of the three divisions of the territory of the East India Company, and later the British Raj, on the Indian subcontinent. , upon your application, will encrease
" the number."" In the same despatch, it may be observed, more
stringent rules were laid down regarding the correspondence of the
Resident at Bushehr, who was in future to write to the Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. regularly
once a fortnight, and copies of whose direct communications with
Bombay were to be sent to the Agent and Council at Basrah ' by the
very first conveyance that offers "

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1831] (348/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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