Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1858] (375/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

three from the country to blind another, and to remove the last by
peculiarly treacherous assassination. About 1786, while still competing
with the Zands for the supremacy in Persia, Agha Muhammad Khan
made Tehran his capital instead of Isfahan, which he had occupied in the
previous year but had not been able to retain.
In 1791, assisted by an internal revolution, he obtained possession of
Shiraz, the seat of the Zand power; and by 1795 the whole of Persia
was in his hands. He then set himself to intimidate, by a course of
merciless severity, all tribal chiefs and others, who, with the examples of
Nadir Shah and Karim Khan before their eyes, might venture to aspire
to the crown, or from any other motive to trouble the peace of the
country; and by acts intended to vilify and degrade the memories of
Nadir Shah and Kaiim Khan, whose remains he even exhumed and
caused to be reburied at the threshold of his palace, he did his
utmost to efface such traditions of the past as seemed to detract
from his own greatness. After the extension of his power to
Southern Persia he appointed Haji Ibrahim, whose desertion
of the Zands had given him Shiraz, to be his chief adviser: and
his nephew Fat-h J Ali Shah, whom he had chosen to succeed him at
his death, was made Governor of the whole province of Fars.
Agha Muhammad Khan's military exploits, after he had acquired
undivided sovereignty over Persia, were confined to the north. In 1795
he invaded Georgia, a province of which the ruler, Heraclius, had in 1783
placed himself under the protection of Catherine of Russia; and, as RussiaB
aid was not instantly available, Tiflis, the capital, underwent sack and
other dire atrocities at the hands of the Pertsians, During the winter of
1795-96 the Persian ruler remained in occupation of Georgia. He now,
at length, consented to be crowned after a fashion ; but he refused the
four-plumed diadem of Nadir Shah on the plea that the extent of the
territories as yet in his possession was not sufficient to warrant his
assuming it.
From Georgia Agha Muhammad Khan marched to Khurasan,
punishing some Turkoman tribes by the way; and at Mashhad, by tortures
so severe as in the end to cause death, he wrung from Shah Eukh, the
blind grandson of Nadir Shah, the treasures, chiefly gems, remaining i 11
possession of his family. He next threatened the principality of Bukhara
with invasion, unless all Persians kidnapped and enslaved by the
were set at liberty ; and hostilities with Baigi Jan, the virtual ruler and
a man of no less unusual character than himself, might have followed, M
Ins attention had not been distracted by events in a different quarter.
7 ; 'fr 18
a K

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1858] (375/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;1858] (375/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image