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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1866] (383/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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October 1834 3 after a very short illness, he died at Is£ahan ; aged sixty-
eight years.
Character of The personality of Fat-h 'Ali Shah was remarkable for its inconsist-
Shah 1 Al1 encies. He was dignified in person and maintained truly royal state,
yet in money matters he showed a sordid meanness which was as un
becoming to his rank as it was often injurious to his political interests.
His attitude in foreign affairs was characterised by personal pride and
national conceit ; but whether he possessed courage is a debated question,
and he was at least more of a diplomat than of a soldier. Merciful as
a rule to his opponents, and uniformly affectionate towards his own
family, he was nevertheless capable, in particular circumstances, of
acting with great severity and even with barbarity. His common sense
was remarkable, but it was liable to be perverted at all times by avarice,
and occasionally by vanity.
Relations of Persia with Afghanistan,* 1797—1834.
We cannot pass over altogether in silence the relations of Persia with
Afghanistan during the reign of Fat-h 'Ali Shah ; for designs upon the
territory of his eastern neighbour, albeit they could not to any great
extent be realised, bulked largely in the foreign policy of the Shah.
Reign of From the time of his accession Fat-h 'Ali Shah countenanced and
Zaman # n
Shah, 1797^- even supported Mahmud and Feroz-ud-Din, two rebellious brothers ot
1801, Zaman Shah, the Sadozai ruler of Afghanistan. His object was, doubt
less, to weaken the royal house of Afghanistan by internal dissensions,
and to attach one or two of its members to his own interests. As we
shall see further on, he was encouraged in this scheme by an emissary
from the British Government in India, which then feared a raid by
Zaman Shah in the direction of its own dominions; and a Persian
expedition into Afghanistan actually took place before the end of 1798;
but met with no success. In the summer of 1799 a more serious crisis
occurred. To a demand by Zaman Shah for the surrender to him ^
Khurasan, Zaman Shah retorted by claiming the whole of Afghanistan
as a dependency of Persia ; and thereafter, as a proof of the seriousness
of his intentions, he collected a large force and himself proceeded f 1,0111
*lThe information contained in this section is largely taken from Watson's Histo'l
of Persia, which, depending in Afghan questions upon native Persian Soured
probably magnifies Persian successes and minimises Persian failures.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1866] (383/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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