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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1867] (384/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Tehran to iMashhad. Zaman Shah, however^ alarmed by these preparations,
despatched an ambassador with presents to Fat-h 'AH Shah, who was
easily induced by this means to return to Tehran. The Afghan rebels
Mahmud and Feroz-ud-Din, already mentioned, were at this time domiciled
in Persia, or had lately visited it to solicit help of the Shah ; and
the latter accordingly, in withdrawing from the frontier, stipulated
that they should be received by Zaman Shah and treated by him in
future in a manner befitting their rank as princes. The Ghorian
district situated to the westward of Herat, remained in the hands of the
Persians, by whom it had been occupied. Not long after this, Mahmud
and Feroz-ud-Din, h iving been joined by Fateh Khan, Barakzai, obtained
possession of Herat; and from that place as a base Mahmud subsequently
advanced to Qandahar, which he captured, Feroz-ud-Din remaining
behind in charge of Herat.
In 1801 Zaman Shah was blinded and deposed. Mahmud took his
place and ruled over all Afghanistan until 1803, when he was expelled
from the greater part of the country by Shah Shuja/ and probably
returned to Herat.
After the accession of Shah ShujV, an invasion of the Qandahar
district was undertaken by Kamran, son of Mahmud, with the assistance
of Fateh Khan, Barakzai ; but a movement of the Persians against
Herat obliged him to retrace his steps, Feroz-ud-Din, after corrupting
the Persian official in charge ol: Ghorian, had sent a force into that district
with a view of annexing it to his own government ; but the Afghans had
been defeated in their attempt with heavy slaughter ; and thus it came
about that the Persian Governor of Khurasan was now at the gates
of Herat. The operations resulted, according to Persian accounts, in the
complete humiliation of Feroz-ud-Din, who was obliged to promise to
pay tribute to Persia in future, to furnish two annual instalments at
once under the name of arrears, to deliver up his own son as a hostage, and
to surrender the Persian official with whom he had intrigued in regard to
Ghorian. These events occurred in 18U5.
In 1809 or 1810 Mahmud, supported by Fateh Khan, Barakzai,
N-^in came to the head of affairs in Afghanistan, and Shah Shuja
was driven from the country. In 1816 or 1817 Hasan 'Ali Mirza,
w ho had lately been appointed by his father, the Shah, to the governor-
S ^P of Khurasan, advanced upon Herat, capturing the Hazarah strongs
of Mahmudabad by the way. The reason of this incursion was
the appropriation, once more, by the Afghans of the debatable district
Ghorian; and Feroz-ud-Din, struck with terror at the example of
First reign
of Mahmud,
Reign of
Shah Shuja*
Second reigti
of Mahmud,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1867] (384/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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