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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1869] (386/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of Herat* to Persia and applied to the Shah for additional troops, which
were immediately sent him. Fat-h 'AH Shah, however, became anxious
at this time to see his favourite son once more, and summoned him to
Tehran; and the charge of the troops and of the military operations
devolved in his absence, along with the governorship of Khurasan, upon
the Crown Prince's son Muhammad Mirza. The young prince advanced
upon Ghorian, which was now again in possession of the Afghans, but
failed to take it, and passed on to Herat. Advised by M. Barofisky, a
Polish officer, he began a siege of the town but it was defended with
spirit by Kamran, whose troops made at least one successful sally against
the Persians j and in the autumn of 1833, in consequence of the death of
the Crown Prince, who had meanwhile returned to Mashhad, the
operations were suspended before any definite result had been attained.
On receiving a bare promise that tribute would in future be rendered
to the Shah for Herat,—an undertaking already repeatedly given, but
indifferently or never observed,— Muhammad Mirza withdrew his trqops
and returned to Persia.
Relations of Persia with Turkey,11797—1834,
During the reign of Fat-h 'Ali Shah there was from time to time
friction, and even open war, between Persia and Turkey.
In 1801, when the Wahhabis from Najd fell without warning upon
the sacred Shi'ah town of Karbala, plundered it, massacred the
inhabitants—many of whom were Persians, and desecrated the
shrine of Husain, a profound and painful sensation ran through
Persia. The Shah returned to his capital from an expedition
in the provinces, and at first proposed to treat Sulaiman Pasha An Ottoman title used after the names of certain provincial governors, high-ranking officials and military commanders. of
Baghdad as responsible for the catastrophe; but on second thoughts,
and after being well bribed by the Turkish governor in question, he
allowed himself to be pacified by an assurance that the Wahhabis
would be punished by the Turks.
In or about 1806 war broke out between Persia and Turkey on
their common frontier north of Kirmanshah. The subject of dispute
* An expedition to Herat had been planned by the Persians in 1832, or even
earlier. The idea was now-encouraged by Russia, as it had been by Britain in the
time ot Zaman Shah ; but Mr. McNeill, the British representative at Tehran, was
able for a time to prevent its being carried into execution.
t The Persian authorities followed by Watson have probably shown some partiality
for their own country in describing the national relations with Turkey, especially
the course of the wars. Vide the remark on page 1866 in regard to Afghan relations
in Persia at
the sack of
Karbala by
the Wahha
bis, 1801.
Persia and
Turkey on
the Kurdis
tan frontier,

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1869] (386/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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