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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1874] (391/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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War of
campaign^ §ome districts that she bad until then possessed of the modern
Transcaucasia. When peace was at length firmly established ftg
attitude of Persia towards Russia was found to have undergone a change
and to have become one of deference and almost submission.
We have seea that Agha Muhammad Khan had, in 1795-96, invaded
and occupied Georgia with striking if somewhat barbarous success; and it
is probable that until about 1800 Persian prestige in Transcaucasia
stood as high as Russian. Soon after the accession of Fat-h 'Ali Shah,
Gurgin Khan of Georgia, the son and successor of Heraclius, volun-
tarily professed allegiance to Persia ; but on the 28th of September
1800, with equal or even greater weakness, he signed away his crown
in favour of the Tsar. The Russians then proceeded to take possession of
the country, overthrowing a patriotic party headed by Alexander, a
younger brother of Gurgin Khan, and captured Ganjeh, the modern
Elizabetpol; but it was not until they advanced to besiege Erivan ttat
war with Persia began.
In the spring of 1804 ^Abbas Mirza, the Crown Prince of Persia, crossed
the Aras River to oppose the Russians; and in July he was defeated by
Zizianoff, a Russian Commander of Georgian extraction, in two pitched
battles, of which the first was fought near Echmiazin and the second
close to Erivan. The declared intention of the Russians was now to
take possession of the whole country up to the line of the Aras. The
Persians, after some experience of the war, resorted to raids by mounted
forces upon the Russian lines of communication ; and in the end the
besiegers of Erivan were obliged to retire upon Tiflis. The chief of
Eiivan, however, by whom the place had been defended, showed mucli
unwillingness to admit Persian troops to his citadel after the departure
of the Russian forces.
In the next year, 1805, the principal scene of operations was the
district of Karabagh, further to the eastward than Erivan; and from
it the Persians seem to have succeeded in expelling the Russians for a
time. A Russian expeditionary force was landed at Enzeli} but, fail
ing on account of various obstacles to attain Rasht, which was its first
objective, it was embarked again at the same port. The Persian Crown Prince
occupied Ganjeh, which had been evacuated by the Russians; but the
Muscovites on their part obtained possession of Shisheh, the chief place
m the Karabagh district, which was nearer than Ganjeh to Persia proper.
This phase of the war ended with the treacherous assassination of
Zizianoff at Baku, which the Russians were at the time besieging, hj tbe
native chief of that place,

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1874] (391/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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