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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1878] (395/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Treaty of
chai, 21st
In the spring of 1827 the military operations, which had been
suspended for a time, were renewed; but the efforts of the Persians,
from this time onwards, were crippled by the extraordinary and short
sighted parsimony of Fat-h ^Ali Shah. General Paskevitch, who
had now replaced General Yermoloff, took the field in person, and in
April his troops had secured Echmiazin. Erivan was invested by the
Russians from the 8th of May to the 1st of July, but without success.
On the 31st of July the important Persian stronghold of Mahmudabad on
the Aras fell by treachery ; but a part of the garrison, consisting of
Bakhtiyaris, escaped from the place without surrendering. On the 29tli
of August the Russians sustained a defeat near Echmiazin ; but, quickly
recovering themselves, they advanced again and drove the Persians across
the Aras. At the end of September the Persian post of Sardarabad was
abandoned ; and Erivan, left isolated by the loss of this place and of
''Abbasabad, was again besieged by the Russians.
The Shah now completely withdrew his financial support from the
Crown Prince, and two great catastrophes to Persia almost immediately
terminated the war. Erivan surrendered on the 13th of October 1827;
and almost simultaneously Tabriz, the capital of Azarbaijan, situated at a
considerable distance within the Persian frontier, was occupied by the
Russians. The submission of Persia had now become inevitable ; hut
the negotiations for peace were protracted from November 1827 to
February 1828 by the obstinacy with which the Shah resisted the
demand of the victors for a pecuniary indemnity.
At last, on the 21st of February 1828, peace was concluded at the
village of Turkmanchai between General Paskevitch and ^Abbas Mirza,
acting as plenipotentiaries for their respective sovereigns. Under the
Treaty which they arranged; all the country to the north of the Aras
River, as well as the fortress of 'Abbasabad and the districts of Talish
and Mughan to the south of it, became Russian territory, Persia being
thus finally deprived of Erivan and Nakhshivan. The war indemnity
payable by Persia to Russia was fixed at five million Tumans or * thirty
million silver roubles. The condition regarding the exclusive right of
Russia to maintain war vessels in the Caspian Sea, embodied in the
Treaty of Gulistan, was re-affirmed ; and an undertaking was given by
Russia to recognise, both immediately and in the future, the right of
Abbas Mirza to succeed Fat-h 'Ali Shah. In one clause of the Treaty
the permanent residence of an Am bassador from either sovereign at the
tnilli ft ACCDr w ,ie t)Bge 240) the Russian equivalent was W&f
ii roubles. Five million Tumans was equal at this time to about £3,500 ,000.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1878] (395/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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