Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1880] (397/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

Napoleon to Persia were similarly resultless. The time, the medium ; and
the nature of these first advances are subject to some doubt ; owing to
discrepancy between the accounts given by various authorities ; and
this much only appears certain; that they were made through an Asiatic
who had some difficulty, if he did not altogetherJfail, in establishing his
character as a French emissary to the satisfaction of the Persian
Government. Further communications were made to the Persian Court
by French political agents in Syria and Turkish ^Iraq; and in tlie
autumn of 1804 a properly authenticated proposal for joint action against
the Russians was transmitted by the Government of France to that of
Persia. It was, however, virtually ignored by the Shah, who was at the
time in expectation of receiving substantial help against Russia from
Great Britain, and who, as France and Russia were then at peace,
probably doubted the good faith of the offer.
The next step taken by Napoleon^ war having in the meanwhile
begun between France and Russia, was of a more decided character J it
consisted in the deputation to Tehran of Colonel Romieu, who was
furnished with proper credentials^ and the accompaniments of whose mis
sion were such as to ensure for him a proper degree of attention. His
instructions were to suggest that Persia should relinquish her alliance
with Britain and substitute for it one with France, who would in return
send a minister to reside at Tehran, grant a subsidy for the military
operations against Russia, and even send troops to assist the Persian army
in Georgia, Colonel Romieu arrived at the Persian capital in the summer
of 1805, met with a somewhat frigid reception, and shortly afterwards
died at the Persian capital; but his single interview with the Shah seems
* The author of the mauusciipt from which Brydges' Dynasty of the Kajars is
translated says (pages 274— 5) that a French letter, which the Persians cotild not
understand, was delivered to a Persian emissary at Baghdad, apparently in 1801, k
an individual who represented himself to be an AmhaBsador from the French Govern'
ment, but whom the Persian Government decided to treat as an impostor. According
to Watson {History of Persia, page 152) the first declared French emissary was an
Armeman merchant who came from Baghdad to Tehran in 1801, but who, on account
of the unintelligibility of his credentials, of his own appearance, and of that of his
following, failed to obtain the confidence of the Persian Court. Ka^linson {England
and Russia in tliQ East, p^ge 15, footnote) makes the bearer of the earliest letter 8
"a certain Shahrokh Khan, who had travelled to Paris on his private affairs, and
had met with much attention from the French authorities he gives the date a#
1802, and he seems to indicate, as does also Kaye {History of the War in Afghanistan,
Volume I, page 45) that th« overtures of which he was the medium were regarded
as genuine, bub were repelled. - Rawlinson adds, however, that reason was after-
wards found for suspecting that these letters to the Persian Government emanated froni
irresponsible French intriguers in Syria, etc.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1880] (397/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;1880] (397/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image