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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1882] (399/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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lie entertained in the East, to a partnership in which he had now admitted
the Tsar, was anxious to preserve an understanding with Persia; and
he * therefore sent General Gardanne to the Shah to endeavour to
readjust matters on a basis of mediation—instead of armed intervention—
by France iii the Georgian question. With General Gardanne there
returned to Persia Mirza Muhammad Riza, bringing the treaty, already as
good as superseded, which had been arranged through himself. The suite
o£ the French Envoy consisted of 24 persons. He was received with mucli
distinction by the Shah, who conferred on him a new Persian order
and the honorary title of Khan; and soon afterwards a Persian represent
ative in the person of one Askar Khan, Afshar, took his departure for
Europe as bearer of letters and presents for Napoleon. The exact time
of the arrival of the Gardanne mission in Persia cannot be ascertained,
nor do we know the nature of the work i* with which it was at first occu"
pied there. According to one authority a Franco-Persian treaty was
arranged by which, among other matters, the island of Kharag J was
ceded to France; and there is reason to believe that efforts were made
to induce the Shah to prepare for joining in a FYench demonstration
^ So Eawlinson {England and Russia m page 17), who seems to have
made the most thorough study of the question; but from Watson's account [Risio^
of Persia, pages 158—159), in which he possibly follows native Persian authorities
(see for example Brydges' Dynasty of the Kajars, pages 332—379), it would appear that
General Gardanne arrived in Persia before the pacification of Tilsit and that te (M
not distinctly announce any desire on the part of his master to depart from the Tin*
kinstein conditions*
fKaye (Misiory of the War in Afghanistan, Volume I, page 50) who pla ces
the strength of General Gardaune 's European staff at about 70 persons, states that
some of them visited Bashehr, Bandar 'Abbas, and other places in the Gulf and ma
surveys of harbours ; but the present writer The lowest of the four classes into which East India Company civil servants were divided. A Writer’s duties originally consisted mostly of copying documents and book-keeping. has met with nothing in the Persian
Gulf records corroborative of this absertion, and the authority of Morier ( Joun^)
page 30) seems opposed to it, as he indicates that the Shah prevented the Irene
from visiting Boshehr and even Shiraz.
J Morier in his Journey, page 394. The same author makes the following remaA
referring to an earlier period, which is not confirmed, so far as the present writer The lowest of the four classes into which East India Company civil servants were divided. A Writer’s duties originally consisted mostly of copying documents and book-keeping. is
aware, by information from any other source: " By a treaty signed at Paris, an
negotiated by M. Pyrault at Bassora, Kerim Khan, the Eegent of Persia, engaged P
cede Kharrack ; but the suppression of the French East India Company intervene,
and the object Was neglected." A Commercial Treaty, to be cegutiated at Tehran,
mentioned in the Treaty of Finkinstein ; and Ihetext of such a Treaty, purporting 0
have been drawn up in December 1807 and to be signed by General Gardanne
and two Persian Ministers, is given by Mr. J. Talboys Wheeler in his Memorandum
on Persian Affairs, 1871, Appendix II. Under it Kharag was to have been ma
over to the French on the rendition of Georgia and other provinces to Persia by K uSB ^
This fact goes far to explain the extraordinary solicitude about Kharag shown ;
General Malcolm and the Government of India in 1808.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1882] (399/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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