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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1883] (400/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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against India in the following year. But the war" between Persia and
Russia forced the question of Georgia into prominence, and in that connec
tion the French Envoy was unable to afford the Shah any real satisfaction.
When General Godoviteh, in 1808, advanced to besiege Erivan, General
Gfardanne gave the Shah a guarantee that the Russians would not com
mence hostilities unprovoked, proceeded himself to the head-quarters of
the Crown Prince at Khoi, and despatched his assistant M. Lajarre to
remonstrate with the Russian Commander ; but these measures did not
avert the attack threatened by the Russians, and the credit of the
French at Tehran declined thereafter in a marked degree. When the
British mission under Sir Harford Jones, of which the function was
to counteract the proceedings of General Gardanne, arrived at Isfahan
at the beginning of February 1809 on its way to the capital, the
f'reaoh Envoy entered a protest against its reception ; but the reaction
of the Persian Government against French influence was now far
advanced, the French protest was disregarded, and after the middle of
March General Gardanne retired from Persia by way of Tabriz. His
assistant, M. Lajarre, lingered for a time at Tiflis • and M. Jouannin,
the Secretary of the Mission, clung pertinaciously to Tehran until Sir
H, Jones was able to procure his dismissal to Azarbaijan, whence, seeing
no advantage in remaining there, he proceeded to Constantinople.
General Gardanne's failure may have been due in part to the " precipitancy,
parsimony and hauteur " with which he is charged by his British opponent;
at the principal reason was, no doubt, the impracticability of the French
po icy in Persia, which, while it threatened to embroil the Shah with
e Govemment of India, afforded him no effectual protection against
tne encroachments of Russia. This did not however save General
ardanne, if a Persian narrative may be trusted, from the displeasure
o apo eon, on hie unexpected reappearance in Europe. Askar Khan,
an Envoy to Paris, from whom no news had been received by
returned G _ 0Vernmen l duriu g his so j ou ™ at the French capital, then
beyond 1
tHe Emj;
Ces of it remained ^ unless in some* military improvements ini-
1 was reca llGd^ to Persia; but he brought with him nothing
tKp v Va ^ Ue assuranc es of friendship and satisfaction on the part of
peroi. The era of French influence in Persia was at an end; and
members of the Gardanne mission, in the fortification of the
Access to trainin 61 ^^^^ 9 ^ 11116 8 a ^ ^ ei ^ er '^ evo ^ ,e ^ himself with much
Muhammad 'AF ^ ^ ^ 1>ersian am y on European principles. In 1821
'AHas, had d\\ tll0Ugl1 not an a(lmil ' er 0 f European methods like his brother
^eir servicea fn l^ enc h officers with him, who, on his death, mostly transferred
an j 1 t Singh in the Panjab.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1883] (400/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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