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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1884] (401/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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frontier post of ^Abbasabad, and possibly in the presence for a time of
some French officers with the Persian army.
General political relations of Britain with Persia, 1797—1834.
We are now in a position to trace, with some appreciation of its
meaning, the general policy of Britain in Persia during the reign of
Fat-h 'Ali Shah. The leading motive of that policy was, at first, fear
of an invasion of Upper India by the Afghans under Zaman Shah, with
whose proceedings, it was thought^ some of the Muhammadan states of
India might associate themselves. These apprehensions soon gave place
to a dread of Napoleon's designs in the East by which British diplomacy
was aroused to put forth some considerable efforts in Persia. Later,
when the danger from France had also passed away, it became the
principal task of the British representative at Tehran to counteract, so
far as possible, the growing activity and influence of Bussi^.
Anglo-Persian questions arising specifically out of affairs m the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. were in no case of first-rate importance : they will be dealt
with separately in a later section of this Chapter.
Mission of At the beginning of September 1798 the first British emissary to
Khan 1 ^to C0lirt ; Ali shah left Bombay; this was * Mehdi 'Ali Khan,
Persia and a Persian gentleman of Khurasani extraction, but domiciled in India,
m 1 ent aPPOln as who had been selected for the duty by Mr. Jonathan Duncan, Governor
Britisli 0 f Bombay. The mission was afterwards described as " a temporary
Biishehr, deputation to the Court of Persia under the instructions of the Governor-
1798. Generalbut the Envoy, at his departure from India, was appointed
substantive British Eesident at Bushehr. The chief political objects
of Mehdi 'Ali Khan's journey were, first, to induce the ruler of Persia
to keep Zaman Shah in play upon the western border of Afghanistan,
by which means he would be prevented from descending upon the plains
of India ; and, second, to make arrangements for the exclusion of French
influence from Persia. In connection with the former of these purposes
an expenditure of two to three lakhs One lakh is equal to one hundred thousand rupees of rupees Indian silver coin also widely used in the Persian Gulf. annually at the discretion
of Mehdi 'Ali Khan seems to have been sanctioned, or at least contem
plated, by the Government of India. In his capacity as British Besiden^
* M ehdi 'Ali Khan enjojed the full confidence of Mr. Dnncan, under whom he
served in some capacity at Ghazipur; but in the Deccan scandalous stories to b is
disadvantage were current. See Kaye's Life of Sir J. Malcolm, Volume \ > P^ e
114—5, footnote.

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1884] (401/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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