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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1887] (404/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The Mission to Persia of Captain Johrx Malcolm ; Assistant British
Resident at Haidarabad in the Deccan, appears to have been resolved on
by Lord Mornington, Governor-General of India, abont the beginning
of August 1799. Its scope, as understood by Captain Malcolm himself,
was "to relieve India from the annual alarm of Zamaun Shah's
"invasion, which is always attended with serious expense to the Company,
"by occasioning a diversion upon his Persian provinces; to counteract
f ( tte possible attempts of those villainous but active democrats, the
"French }i ) and "to restore to some part of its former prosperity a
trade which has been in a great degree lost." There was there
fore no essential difference between the objects of this Mission and those
which Mehdi "'Ali Khan had been sent to achieve in the previous year;
but it enjoyed a higher prestige, as proceeding from the Governor-General
of India instead of the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. , and it; was equipped
on a more magnificent scale. Captain Malcolm's staff included six
European otlicers, of whom three were Political Assistants \ the military
escort consisted of nearly a hundred native Indian troops, partly cavalry
and partly infantry; and there were, in addition to these, a host of Indian
servants and followers. On arrival in Persia a large number of Persian
attendants were added to the strength of the Mission, which came in the
end to amount to not less than 500 persons.
Captain Malcolm, with his party, left India in the u Bombay ^ and
"Harrington" on the 29th of December 1799, and on the 1st of
February 1800 he arrived at Bushehr, whence he at once addressed letters to
tlie Persian Court. Ceremonial and other difficulties retarded his progress
towards the capital, and he did not reach Shiraz till the middle of June,
noi Isfahan until late in October. Captain Malcolm had his first audience
of the Shah at Tehran on the 16th of November 1800 ; and from that
date until his departure, at the end of January 1801, negotiations were
in active progress. Captain Malcolm left Persia by the route of
Hamadan; he crossed into Turkish territory on the 15th of March 1 80} •
he halted again at Bushehr on his way to India from tne 22nd to
t e 24th of April; and he finally arrived at Bombay on the 13th of
ay, having encountered a dangerous gale after leaving Masqat.
^ time of Captain Malcolm's entry into Tehran the power of
the ^ ^ 0r m ^ sc ^ e ^ on side of India was already, through
—peration of various causes, pr actically at an end ; and there were
Mr R ^ a l ) ^ a ^ n ^' Campbell, First Assistant; Lieutenant C. Pasley and
a T) . rac ^ e y» Assistants; Lieutenant J, Colehrooke, commanding the escort;
Svugeon ; and Mr. W. Hollingberry, Writer The lowest of the four classes into which East India Company civil servants were divided. A Writer’s duties originally consisted mostly of copying documents and book-keeping. .
First Mission
of (Captain)
Malcolm to
of Captain
Mission in
the Persian
Gulf and
at Tehran,
N ovember
1800 to

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1887] (404/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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