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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1894] (411/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Second Mis-
sion of
Malcolm to
Persia, April
to August
The means which they decided to adopt was a mission fro no the British
sovereign to the Shah of Persia, the expense of which, however, was
to be borne by the East India Company; and the person chosen to
conduct it, in the capacity of Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary, was Mr. Harford Jones, a civil servant of the Company,
who had been attached to the Basrah Factory An East India Company trading post. from 1784 to 1795, had
visited Shiraz in a private capacity in 1787 and 1791, had held the
post of Eesident at Baghdad from 1798 to 1806, and, on his way to
Europe in 1806, had placed his services at the disposal of the British
Ambassador at Constantinople in connection with the passage through
the Turkish capital of a Persian embassy to France, presumably that
of Mirza Muhammad Hiza. It was at first intended that Mr. Jones
should proceed to Persia via St. Petersburg, where he would endea
vour to procure the acceptance of British mediation by Russia in her
frontier difficulties with Persia j but the pacification of Tilsit, by
bringing France and Russia together, frustrated this part of the scheme.
In August 1807 a baronetcy * was conferred on the Envoy elect: and
on the 27th of October he left Portsmouth for Bombay in H.M.S.
" Sapphire/' The principal members of bis staff were Major Lewis
Smith, Public Secretary, and Mr. James Morier, Private Secretary.
Sir Harford Joneses voyage round the Cape was a prolonged one, and
he did not reach Bombay until the 26th April 1808.
The Government of India, no less than Hib Majesty's Government,
were convinced of the necessity of asserting British influence in Persia
in opposition to that of France; and Lord Minto, who was aware of the
intended deputation of Sir Harford Jones to Persia, but who could not
tell when or by what route that gentleman might be expected to arrive
on the scene, thought it advisable to send Malcolm once more to the
Gulf, with the rank of Brigadier-General, to report on the situation in
Persia, to devise measures for the exclusion of the French from that
country, and even to make a reconnaissance for the despatch of
expedition on a small scalewhich might subsequently be required to
prevent the French from establishing themselves upon the Persian coast.
Thet Envoy was invested with " general powers of control over all
» According to Sir Harford Jones himself this honour was a reward for his past
di^tyasTrSlnTo^ ^ ^ * Wa8 bestowed » order to increase 1*
P + Hia full style was, it would seem, Plenipotentiary and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in »
" IZrlf 0 ^ the 1Ja f 0f ^ F i eU . ?. on ' ble tlw Govern or»G«neiS oflndia, »"
'' Bagdad. ^ Lordship to the King o£ Persia and the PaclM*

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1894] (411/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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