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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1902] (419/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Envoy to the British Court, charged with the duty of ascertaining
through whom the subsidy guaranteed to Persia in certain circumstances
would be paid. The Persian Envoy was a nephew, on his mother's side,
of the late Prime Minister Haji Ibrahim, whose son-in-law also he was;
he had been governor of Shushtar during his relative's tenure of power;
he had visited Makkah ; and he had resided for more than two years in
India, at Calcutta and elsewhere.
The Government of India, on becoming aware of the facts, decided
that the Treaty negotiated by Sir H. Jones at Trhran must be accepted
and executed, in so far as this depended on themselves, without regard to
the agency—unworthy in their opinion—by which it had been obtained.
Among the considerations that weighed most strongly with Lord Minto
were the virtual expulsion of the French representative and his suite from
Persia, the recall of the Persian Envoy (Askar Khan) from Paris, and
other circumstances tending to a rupture between France and Persia,-
a danger to which the Shah, but for his reliance upon British aid,
would probably not have exposed himself. It was also the opinion of
the Governor-General that a British representative must in f uture be
stationed at the Persian Court to pay the subsidy promised, if it
should become exigible, and to see that the obligations imposed on Persia
by the Preliminary Treaty were properly fulfilled ; and, in his correspond
ence with the authorities at home, he recommended that this representative
should be an officer appointed by the Government of India. For the double
purpose, in the first instance, of demonstrating his acceptance of the treaty
and rehabilitating the prestige of the Government of India in Persia, wbicb
he conceived to have been lowered by the conduct of Sir H. Jones, but
probably also with an eye to future permanent arrangements, Lord
Minto now despatched General Malcolm on a third mission to Persia.
A collateral object of the Mission was to collect topographical and
other information regarding Persia and certain of the countries adjoin
ing it,—a field formerly neglected, but one to which Captain Sutherland
of Sir H. Jones's mission had begun to devote attention; and, partlyj 0
facilitate this work of exploration and enquiry, but partly also to enhance
the dignity of the Governor-GeneraPs representative, a considerable
number of young and energetic officers were attached to General
Malcolm's staff. Two of these. Captain Christie and Ensign H. Pottinger,
started before the rest of the Mission and, travelling by land bom
India across the intervening countries, did not join it in P ersia
until it was on the eve of its return. The other members of

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1902] (419/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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