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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1909] (426/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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reverted in 1823. During the period from 1815 to 18^6 much attention
was given by the British diplomatic representatives to the improvement of
the regular Persian army^ and numerous British officers were lent to the
Shah for the purpose; but their endeavours, on account of the unsuitability
of the material^ did not result in the creation of any efficient fighting force.
The circumstances of Persians unsuccessful war with Eussia in 1826- Final modi-
28 led to an important modification of the Anglo-Persian Definitive ^he ^^ngkf
Treaty of 1814. When hostilities began, the Persians claimed, under Persian Defi-
that Treaty, the benefit of British assistance; but it was withheld ^tlT August
on the ground that the war had been begun, not by the Russian 18^8.
occupation of the disputed Gokcheh district, but by the attack made
thereafter by the Persians upon the Russians. It was now recognised,
however, that the Treaty, as it stood, was a dangerous entanglement
for Great Britain; and, soon after the peace of Turkmanchai, advantage
m taken of the difficulty which Persia found in raising the war
indemnity payable to Russia to procure her assent, in return for a
single payment of 200,000 Tumans, to the cancellation of the third
and fourth articles,—those, namely, which obliged Great Britain to take
cognisance of the boundary between Persia and Russia and to help the
former country with men or money in case of a war of aggression upon
her commenced by a European power. The two obnoxious articles were
formally annulled upon the 24jth August 1828,
British Officers in the Persian army, 1828-1834:,
In 1828 Major Lindsay, afterwards Sir H. L. Bethune, and Major
Hart, who commanded the Persian infantry and in whom the Shah
reposed unlimited confidence, were still serving with the Persian army.
In 1832-33, as a matter of favour, a large quantity of arms and
accoutrements was supplied by the Government of India to the Shah
without payment. In 1834 a complete staff of British officers and non
commissioned officers was sent to Persia to reform the Persian army in
^ its branches : it included Colonel Passmore ; Colonel Sheil, afterwards
^ Sheilj and Colonel Rawlinson, afterwards Sir H. Rawlinson, both
0 f whom later represented Britain at the Court of Persia; Colonel F.
Arrant, who was sent as a Special Commissioner to Karbala in 1843 and
afterwards became British Charge d 7 Affaires at Tehran j Colonel Stoddart,

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1909] (426/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 22 July 2024]

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