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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1933] (450/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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''lis las |
rit ^ Hi
5 from til
lings tki
part, we J
authorities Iji
iutentio® il
eir Govern:
be Gulf, Hi i
Persian W 1
ose of llM
rsia do.
e overt
. u, P
.niDgon* 1
[ inability of Persia to control her maritime tribes^ on the conse-
rio-ht of the British to take measures for the protection of their
trade^ and on the reassuring precedent of the expedition of 1809-JOj
which showed that the British Government were only concerned to
eradicate piracy and had no ulterior designs.
On the 9th January 1820 a letter from the Prince-Governor A Prince of the Royal line who also acted as Governor of a large Iranian province during the Qājār period (1794-1925). of
Shiraz reached Sir W. G. Keii% who had by that time effected the main
part of Ms task upon the Arabian side; it ignored the question of,the
intended British operations upon the Persian Coast; but the bearer,
Mirza Muhammad Baqir, made many enquiries as to the form that they
might be expected to take. Eventually some boats were destroyed at
the Persian ports of Lingeh, Mughu, Charak, •'Asalu and Kangun,
evidently without the assistance of Persian authorities or further re
ference to them ; and it is indicated by one authority that a claim for
damages on account of these proceedings was subsequently presented
by the Persian Government and satisfied by the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. ,
but exact ^ information on this point is wanting. In 1820 the Shah, who
was averse to the periodical inspection of Persian ports by British vessels
as a check upon the fitting out of piratical craft, undertook to appoint a
Persian officer for the performance of that duty, to enforce upon the
Persian Coast regulations similar to those imposed by Sir W. G. Keir's
treaty upon the Arab tribes of Trucial 'Oman, and to oblige Persian sub
jects to use a distinctive flag at sea ; but, needless to say, neither of the
two latter engagements was ever fulfilled. The Shah's ministers did not
shrink from assuming full responsibility for the behaviour of their mari
time subjects, hut remarked in a note, dated 9th December, to the British
Charge d'Affaires: "If any further steps are necessary to check
piracy in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , these can effectually be taken by the
Prince of Fars, and no foreign aid is requisite.'^
The question of the treatment of Bahrain had been discussed in
India in connection with the expedition of 1819-20, no doubt because the
designs and constant attempts of Persia and ^Oman upon those islands between the
liad a disturbing effect upon the general peace of the Gulf. The Persian
Government, since their loss of Bahrain to the J Utub in 1783, had never
to scheme for its recovery, and in 1802 and 1816 they had abetted
by the Sultan of 'Oman to establish himself in
of Britain
Persian Gov
ernment and
the Shaikh
of Bahrain,
r as paid, in 1822 or 1823, for some Lingeh and Charak boats, the
'ion of which was made a subject of complaint against Mr. Bruce (see next
one of the text), but these were perhaps two special cases.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1933] (450/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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