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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1940] (457/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Mission of
Dr. Jukes to
Persia with
to the Britisli
of Qishm and
Iris report on
the title of
the ISultan
of Oman to
that island,
A rumour was also current at this time that the Farman-Farma had
ordered forces amounting in all to 16^000 men to be collected at various
points upon the coast, perhaps for an attack upon the British on Qishm,
but not very much weight was attached to it by the British authorities.
With a view to allaying the agitation which the presence of the Britisli
detachment on Qishm continued to excite. Dr. A. Jukes, who had
considerable previous experience of political work in Persia, was despatched
by the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. to Qishm in May 1821 with authority
to visit Shiraz, and even^ if Sir H. Willock approved, to prolong
his journey to Tehran. The principal object of Dr. Jukes^s mission
was to reassure the Prince-Governor A Prince of the Royal line who also acted as Governor of a large Iranian province during the Qājār period (1794-1925). of Shiraz with regard to the objects
of the British on Qishm ; but he was secretly authorised, in case he
found that the Governor could not be diverted from the intentions
which rumour attributed to him of attacking Q ishm, to withdraw the
detachment to Masqat or to any other place in the territory of the
Sultan of ^Oman of which His Highness might approve. He was also
instructed to answer the Persian complaints against Mr. Bruce.
Dr. Jukes proceeded by Masqat to Qishm, where he learned that
a mission from Shiraz to Bombay on the same subject had crossed his
own, the Persian commissioner who had just left for India being Mirza
Muhammad Baqir. During a short stay on Qishm, where, as also in
other parts of Persia and Arabia, cholera was at this time raging,
Dr. Jukes made careful enquiries regarding the history of the island
and the validity of the title asserted by the Sultan of ; Oman. He then
left for Shiraz.
As his investigations were conducted chiefly under the auspices of
^Omani officials, whose statements he would naturally be inclined to accept
his report, dated 14th August 1821, can hardly be regarded otherwise
than as an ex parte document, but as such it is of interest. It stated *that
the island of Qishm had been wrested about 70 or 80 years previously
from Mulla 5 Ali Shah, the representative of the Shah of Persia, by Shaikh
■'Abdullah of the Bani Ma^in, a tribe formerly settled at Kung near
Lingeh, and that Shaikh 'Abdullah had thereafter farmed Bandar ; Abbas
and its dependencies from Nadir Shah, a privilege which was continued
See however Chapter I, pages 96, 100 and 110, from which it does not appear
Shaikh 'Abdullah (doubtless identical with'Abdul Shaikh) or the Bani M'ain chiefs ^ J
came after him ever held Bandar 'Abbas in farm. Shaikh 'Abdullah died in j75 ^ aD t
Qishm was then lost lo the Bani M'ain until 1763, when they recovered Laft. ^
happened in Qishm after the withdrawal of the British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. from Banda 1 '
in 1763 cannot be ascertained.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1940] (457/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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