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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1942] (459/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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detachment on Qishm to the island of Qais. It is not stated what
steps* were taken in these matters by the British Charge d J Affaires.
Transfer of The transfer of the British detachment to Dairistan had cost Rs. 35,000
deta^ment mai ^ ae transport alone ; but the failure of the water-supply of fclie
from Dairis- new cantonment^ which was dependent on wells ; soon made a return
town^Sala^h t0 town necessar y- The exact date of this second movement of
and finally" ' troops is not ascertainable.
^ ^ ie en( ^ t roo P s being then back at Qishm town,
where they presented a melancholy picture" of sickness t and
consequent inefficiency, the commanding officer Captain Kennett, made a
fresh endeavour to find a healthier situation. At the beginning of
January 182^ accompanied by a Master Attendant and by Assistant
Surgeon Reach, whose duties were to report on the marine and sanitary
aspects respectively of each site examined, he made a tour round the
island, visiting every place which was said to possess good water. The
former cantonment of Dairistan, the village of Salagh, 15 miles to the
westward of it, and Basidu at the extreme western end of the island were
the places principally considered ; but Captain Kennett also made
a voyage to the island of Tunb, which he found to be ineligible for
occupation on account of the scantiness and badness of the water-supply.
In the end he selected Salagh, though the position there was not a good
one from a military standpoint; and in February 1822 he carried out
the transfer on his own responsibility by means of two vessels hired at
d favourable rate. Some movement seems to have been already under
contemplation by the Government of Bombay From c. 1668-1858, the East India Company’s administration in the city of Bombay [Mumbai] and western India. From 1858-1947, a subdivision of the British Raj. It was responsible for British relations with the Gulf and Red Sea regions. , who readily approved of
Captain Kennett's action. Even the materials of the barracks and hospital
were transported along with the troops from Qishm town to the new
station. The consent of the Sultan of 'Oman was duly requested for
the migration*
A few days' experience of Salagh showed, however, that the anchorage
there was too exposed for shipping ; and the movement of the force was
continued to Basidu, which thus became, as it still remains, a British
♦ But we know that in October 1S22 Lieutenant J. H. Grubb of the Cori.paiiy'«
Marine and Captain Remon of the Bombay Engineers reported on the huitability of Qai s
for a British station (see Bombay Selections XXIV, pp. 46 - 48); and Lord Curzon
iPersia, Volume II, page 406), states that there was for a time a British military
settlement on (jais.
fDr. Jukes had already remarked on this in August 1821 and expressed grave doubts
as to the advisability of maintaining a garrison on Qishm. The summer heat was
to he u^t f^du^^ 11 ^ m0nt ^ S of tbe year the men were so prostrated by it as

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1942] (459/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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