Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1955] (472/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

British trade with Persia by the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , 1797-1834.
Under the Zand rulers who followed Karim Khan the foreign trade
of Persia by sea declined, as we have seen, to a low level; but in the
reign of Fat-h 'Ali Shah, &ajar, partly in consequence of the re-establish-
ment of order by his predecessor and himself, and partly perhaps on
account of the attention devoted by the Government of India to
British commercial interests in Persia, a great and rapid revival took
p]ace. In 1813 the East India Company, on the occasion of a renewal
of their charter, were deprived of their trade monopoly over the greater
part of the East, after which there are few references to mercantile busi
ness conducted in the Persian Grulf on their behalf; and in 1822 their
political officers in Persia were finally prohibited from engaging in trade.
The Mission of Mehdi 'Ali Khan to Persia and his appointment Commercial
as British Resident at Bushehr, which have been described already 0 ,^
in their relation to politics, had a commercial side also which at Khan's Mis-
the time was considered important: indeed it was explicitly stated in i798-99, eiSia '
Mehdi'Ali Khan's instructions that "the great object^ of his appoint
ment was a the extension of the Company's European imports into
Persia and the improvement to the highest possible degree of their
selling prices. - " It appears that, in order to save the Company from
loss, it was necessary to dispose of such goods in Persia at 20 to 25 per
cent, above the invoice prices, whereas in recent years they had sometimes
been sold even below those prices to the great detriment of the Com
pany's financial interests. Commission at the rate of 10 per cent,
seems to have been allowed to Mehdi 'Ali Khan upon the additional
profits" which his employers might derive from his exertions. He was
specially directed to purchase Kirman wool at Rs. 6 per bale of 20
Tabriz Mans, and, as he feared that he could not procure so small a
quantity as 50 bales (which was the amount desired) at that rate, he
was authorised in the first year to remit 100 bales. Mehdi 'Ali Khan
was also to prepare lists with full details of amounts and prices, of the
European goods vendible in Persia, to serve as a guide to the Company
in their operations ; and he was to report on the particulars of the trade
carried on by the Russians from the Caspian, with a view to the under
selling of their goods, if possible, in the Persian market.
Considerable success was obtained by Mehdi 'Ali Khan, during the
short period which intervened between his own arrival and that of
133 A

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1955] (472/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;1955] (472/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image