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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1957] (474/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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From the remarks o£ Mr. Waring, who visited Persia in 1802, we Persian trade
,, r * the imports of the country at that time were chiefly articles ln
of dress and luxury, and that the principal exports were gums, drugs,
assafoetida, pearls, rose-water, horses, and a small quantity of wine.
The broadcloth in the Persian markets was now of French manufacture,
imported through Russia. Many enterprising Persian merchants paid
visits to India, where some of them maintained permanent agents, and
they even made journeys to Kashmir to purchase shawls; but their
annual turnover was small on account of the slowness of their operations.
A number of them preferred to invest their capital in shipping rather than
in trade.
The question of the Persian currency was studiedt by Mr. "Waring The Persian
in 1802 and by Sir H. Jones during a number of years prior to 1811. l8 1 0 1 2 e . n 1 C 1 y,
It appears from the observations of the former that the medium
wasextremely mixed and consisted to a very large extent of foreign
money. Almost the only coins that did not fluctuate in value were the
Qursh or Turkish piastre and the Persian gold Tuman, and those in
most general circulation were the Qursh and the "Dutch ducat."
There was a considerable influx of specie from Turkey and Russia; but
it was probably more than counterbalanced, as in the time of the
Zands, by a steady drain of cash from Persia to India. The gold and
silver coins minted in Persia maintained, however, at least until 1811,
a remarkable standard of purity, the ? policy of the Shah's Government
in this respect being much more enlightened than that of the Porte.
It was noticed by Sir H. Jones that the foreign trade of Persia, with Increase in
. . _ .. . j. the toreign
which he had been conversant since 1784, increased with extraordinary trade of
rapidity during the early part of the reign of Fat-h 'Ali Shah. Taking Peisia.
one article of importation at Bushehr as an instance, he remarked that
the annual demand there for Indian chintz, which at the beginning of
Ms acquaintance with the place only amounted to 60 or 70 bales a year,
had risen by the year 1811, when he finally left the country, to 500 or
600 bales annually.
In 1819, though the East India Company's trade monopoly had The^East
been abolished, they still sent goods to Bushehr for disposal Company's
on their own account; but for some years past the sales there had been t^dejit^ ^
made periodical, a change attended by successful results, and it was 181 9 #
Relieved that " the necessity for continuing a commercial factory An East India Company trading post. at
*See his Tour to Sheeraz, pages 2 and 76 ■ 77. „
tSee Waring's Tour to /S'AeeraiS, pages 128-129, and Brydges Mission, pages 432-

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1957] (474/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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