Skip to item: of 1,262
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1963] (480/1262)

This item is part of

The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.

Apply page layout

^sla Djjj
cW toii4 ^Hged
was visiteii'
ifore liis
ah, apaiifi
f Sistan Oi
witli refa
3r tlian J
itions ag^
)oiie 1®
battalions of infantry, had preceded him ; Ghorian was taken by tlie
^ and on the 23rd November 1837 the siege of Herat was begun by
thf Persians. On the incidents of this famous, though in itself insigni*
ficant siege, which lasted for more than nine months, it is unnecessary to
dwell Suffice it to say that it failed largely in consequence of the
energy and determination of * Lieutenant E. Pottinger of the Bombay
Artillery, who was accidentally present in the town and who did not hesitate
himself with its defence; and that Muhammad Shah was
to close the campaign without having attained a single one of
the more important objects, such as the conquest of Herat or the pay
ment of tribute by its Government which he had set out to gain.
It is certain that the Eussian Minister at Tehran from first to last
actively encouraged the Shah in his designs on Herat. That his instruc
tions authorised him to do so was denied by the Eussian Government,
who afterwards recalled him; but the fact remains that a Persian
I expedition against Herat was well calculated to serve the interests of Eussia.
If it succeeded, Eussia would be entitled under the Treaty of Turkmanchai
to establish a Consul—in other words a political agent—at Herat, by
which means the prosecution of designs in the Indian border land would
be facilitated; if it failed of itself, Persia would be exhausted and dis
credited and so rendered more amenable to Eussian influence; if it were pre^
vented or frustrated through British intervention, hostility would be
created between Persia and Britain of which EuSsia would reap the advan
tage. It seems to be the case, moreover, that Count Simonich advanced
50,000 Tumans or about £25,000 to the Shah towards the expenses of
the campaign; that he promised, on condition of Herat being taken, that
the balance of the war indemnity still due by Persia to Eussia should be
remitted; and that he connived at the utilisation against Herat of a
regiment of Eussian deserters in the Persian service commanded by a
Colonel Samson.
The interests of Britain, on the contrary, were certain to be adversely
affected by a Persian attack on Herat. The benefit to Eussia from such an
attempt, whatever the issue, meant a corresponding loss to Britain of
lieutenant Eldred Pdttinger had no official mission to Herat. He had been
encouraged by his uncle Colonel (afterwards Sir H.) Pottinger, the British Resident in
j 11 j to undertake a private journey of exploration in Afghanistan, but he intended to
Pace the information obtained at the disposal of Government. (It will be remembered
a 0 ^ 011e l Pottinger was himself one of Malcolm's young officers; as such he and
a ptain Christie had travelled from India to Persia by land in disguise in 1809-10.)
^tenant E. Pottinger died in 1843 on a visit to Hongkong.
British and
in the

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1963] (480/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [&lrm;1963] (480/1262)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image