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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1964] (481/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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existing diffi
Britain and
of the Bri
tish. Minister
in Persia
before Herat.,
strategical advantage or political influence. There were also moreim.
mediate considerations of a serious kind suggested by the state of
Afghanistan, where rival members of the Barakzai family now held
Kabul and Qandahar; while the chief representative of the Sadozai
dynasty, which the Barakzais had supplanted in the other provinces, but
which still survived at Herat was a political pensioner in India. Dost
Muhammad Khan of Kabul and Kuhndil Khan of Qandahar were
thus drawn, in their circumstances not unnaturally, into
with the Shah of Persia for joint action against Herat, nt
which actually resulted, in the case of the Qandahar Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. , in an
agreement with Persia concluded under Russian auspices. The prospect
of the rulers of Afghanistan being allied, permanently or even tem
porarily, with the Persian Court, where Russian influence at this time
reigned supreme, was not one that Anglo-Indian Statesmen could con
template with indifference.
On the 6th April 1838* Dr. McNeill, the British Minister at Tekaiij
arrived in the Persian Camp, where, after protesting to the Shah against
the expedition, he tendered his good offices as a mediator. The offer was
at first accepted by both sides, and the difficulties between Tehran and
Herat seemed in a fair way to adjustment by British mediation in
accordance with the Anglo-Persian treaty of 1814. At this juncture Count
Simonich, the Russian Minister, arrived in the Shah^s camp and
persuaded him to reject the aid of Dr. McNeill, after the latter had
actually visited Kamran within the walls of Herat in his capacity as
There was already a serious case pending between the British Lega
tion and the Persian Government, arising out of the unceremonious
treatment by the Persian authorities in October 1837 of a Persian courier
of the British Legation whom they had arrested, stripped, and deprived
of letters from Herat addressed to the British Minister. For this outrage
no reparation or even apology had yet been obtained, and it was believed
to have been committed expressly in order to degrade the British represent
ative in the public eye, and so to weaken the effect of his opposition to the
Herat campaign. The persistent refusal of the Shah to enter into a
^Dr. McNeill (afterwards Sir John McKeill, G.C.B.j, was born in 1795 an(
1883. He was the younger brother of the Scottish lawyer and Judge Duncan
who became the first Lord Colonsay and Oronsay. An M. D. of Edinburgh be ^
from 1816 to 1836, a surgeon on the Bombay establishment of the Bast
Company, first at the Bushehr Residency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. where he appears to have acted as
m 1831 and. afterwards at the Tehran Legation.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1964] (481/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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