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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1967] (484/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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doubtedly became more extravagant as time proceeded, and lie succes-
* v ely announced himself as the Mahdi, as a re-incarnation o£ the
prophet and as a Revelation or Incarnation of God himself/'' The Babi
faith was ecclesiastically proscribed throughout Persia ; and massacres of its
adherents, with counter-assassinations of leading persecutors, became the
order of the day.
The internal administration of Haji Mirza Aghasi, the all powerful Misgovern-^
Prime Minister of Muhammad Shah during his entire reign, was MTrza^
execrable. " Self-sufficient almost to fatuity; utterly ignorant of
statesmanship, of finance, or of military science, yet too vain to receive ins
truction, and too jealous to admit of a co-adjutor; brutal in his language ;
insolent in his demeanour; indolent in his habits ; he brought the
exchequer to the verge of bankruptcy, and the country to the brink of
revolution. Alienating at the outset of his career fully one-half of the
revenues of the Empire in extravagant grants to pampered courtlings,
personal dependents, upstarts and empirics, he consumed the remainder in
amusing the military mania of the Shah, for whose edification he prepared
a park of about 1,000 pieces of artillery, and commissioned above half a
million of English muskets. At the commencement of 1848, the
Government paper and it must be remembered that the finance of
Persia is carried on entirely by a system of assignments —was at ninety
per cent, discount. The pay of the army was generally from three to
five years in arrears. The cavalry of the tribes was almost annihilated.
The intense animosity of the Toorks and Persians had reached a climax
which crippled the means of action of the provincial Governors, and
threatened to produce complete disorganization. With the exception,
, of Azerbijan, in which the whole wealth oE the empire had become
well concentrated by the constant return of its inhabtants laden
with the spoil of the provinces, Persia generally presented the appearance
of a country occupied in force by a foreign enemy
The best that can be said of him is that he paid some attention to
sericulture and to public works.
The important province of Khurasan was governed for many years by
the ShaVs maternal uncle, Allah Yar Khan, the Asaf-ud-Dauleh, who had
heen in the beginning a candidate for the Prime Ministership and whose
relations with his successful rival, Haji Mirza Aghasi, were always of the
worst. For political reasons the Governorship of Khurasan and the
guardianship of the shrine of Imam Eiza at Mashhad were in general
Affairs of
Hawlinson's England and Russia in the East, page 72.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1967] (484/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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