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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1968] (485/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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carefully separated, in order that the one high dignitary might act as a
check upon the other; but the Asaf-ud-Dauleh, by exchanging the former
for the latter office, while at the same time he secured the appointment of
his son, the Salar, as his successor in the Governorship, succeeded in com
bining the tenure of both posts in the hands of his own family. This
triumph profited him little, however, for he was soon superseded in the
custodianship of the shrine, summoned to Tehran, and sentenced to pass
the remainder of his days in exile at Makkah and Karbala. The Salar
soon after rebelled against the Persian Government; but Hamzah Mirza,
a brother of the Shah, after a campaign full of vicissitudes, drove him
across the Persian border into the country of the Turkomans, where he took
up his residence.
Death of Muhammad Shah, who had long been a martyr to gout, and some of
w ^ ose political errors may no doubt be attributed to physical pain, breathed
his character, his last on the 4th September 1848 at the age of 39. In the earlier years
of his reign his ruling passion was military glory and he displayed consi*
derable energy; but he had sunk, ere his death, into an obese, feeble
minded dotard, whose chief pastime was to shoot at sparrows with a pistol.
Relations of Persia with Turkey, 1838-1848.
Tension, which more than once threatened to resolve itself in war, was
the chief characteristic of Perso-Turkish relations during the reign of
Muhammad Shah. Among its principal causes were the temporary occu
pation and pillage of the disputed town of Muham march by the Turks m
1837, when the Shah's attention was absorbed by his enterprise against
Herat; the rival claims by Persia and Turkey to Salaimaniyah ; and other
frontier squabbles which arose from the undelimited state of the common
frontier. A general massacre at Karbala in 1843, in which many Persian
subjects were slain by Turkish troops, very nearly caused an explo 81011
after it had been decided in principle, to settle all frontier disputes by
peaceful means. These events, as also the Commission and Treaty 0
Erzeroum (1843-47), by which Britain and Russia succeeded in averting
war between the Shah and the Sultan, are so fully described in the chapter
on Turkish 'Iraq that it is enough merely to mention"them here.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1968] (485/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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