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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1992] (509/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Persian Government, and at first lie was eager to undertake operations
against them from Kharag. The Eesident, however, succeeded in
inducing him to lay that idea aside by the argument that his conduct
would naturally be supposed by the Persian Government to have
been instigated by the British authorities, though Britain and Persia were
technically at peace. Again, Shaikh Nasir was anxious that the British
should hold themselves responsible for the defence of the village of
Kharag, as well as of their own camp, against the Persians. This
proposal, too, was effectually discountenanced by the Resident. There
was also a difficulty about accommodation for the coals and other stores
belonging to the British expedition, for which the Resident was anxious
to hire the old Dutch fort; but the Shaikh was unwilling to part with
the fort, which was the place of residence of his and his relations' wives
and families. He offered instead the southern bastion of the village wall,
which commanded the best landing-place in the prevailing winds.
It was however Colonel Sheriff, the Military Commandant, who in the
end decided, in opposition to the views of the Resident, that Shaikh Nasir
must leave Kharag. The chief ground on which Colonel Sheriff took
action was that, the Shaikh being an avowed enemy of Persia, his presence
on the island was likely to be misinterpreted by the Persian Government.
The Shaikh''s expulsion seems to have been effected by harsh methods
which Captain Hennell did all that he could to mitigate. Shaikh Nasir,
it may be noted, claimed the sovereignty of Kharag for himself j but the
truth seemed to be that he had held the island as a fief from Persia, in
the same manner as Bushehr.
In regard to the second point, Colonel Sheriff considered the recent
acts of the Persian Governor of Bushehr to be tantamount to a declara
tion of war by the Persian Government against Great Britain and wished
to take measures accordingly, whereas Captain Hennell was of opinion
that Mirza Asad Ullah''s proceedings had been entirely unauthorised by
higher authority.
The Government of India, when the difference between the two
officers was submitted to them, apportioned all the blame to Colonel
Sheriff. Not only did they hold that his conduct in encroaching on the
Sphere of the political officer in purely political questions had been wrongs
but they pronounced his view of the situation to be erroneous and his
action in expelling Shaikh Nasir unjustified. Captain HennelFs attitude
and opinions were approved; but it was observed that he should have
declined to correspond with the military authorities on political subjects
and should have held himself responsible to Government alone for the

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1992] (509/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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