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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2008] (525/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Other foreign power and of the Persian Government requesting assistance,
to use their influence to discourage or restrain the aggressor from the
prosecution of his designs. As the Agreement contained no article with
reference to Persian troops actually at Herat, it may perhaps be inferred
that the Persian garrison installed in 1852 had already been withdrawn.
The Agreement was communicated to Sa'id Muhammad Khan of Herat
by Colonel Sheil along with a Farman of the Shah and a letter from
the Sadr A^zam to the Khan's address in which the recognition by Persia
of the independence of Herat was more clearly and emphatically declared
than in the Agreement itself.
he The Agreement of 1853 had been imposed on the Persian Govern-
of ment, who executed it with a bad grace; and it marked the beginning
of a period of steadily increasing trouble between Persia and Britain,
due partly to other controversies and partly to a mistaken apprehension
by the Persian Government of the situation of Brifcain as affected by the
Crimean War (1854—56).
Persia at firsts sought to arrange a quadripartite treaty between her
self, Herat, Kabul, and Q-andahar, which would have given her a
commanding influence in Afghan politics ; and thwarted in this by the
opposition of Dost Muhammad Khan of Kabul, who now inclined to a
British alliance, she next tried to embroil the Herat Government with
that of Qandahar and so create a pretext for intervention by herself
under the Agreement of 1853. Dost Muhammad Khan, alarmed by the
threatening attitude of Persia towards Afghanistan as a whole, then
entered into a treaty of peace and friendship with the Hon^ble East
India Company, signed on the 30th March 1855. Almost simutoe-
ously Mubammad Yusuf, a Sadozai Prince of good character and a
nephew of the late Kamran, who had been living for some time under
Persian protection at Mashhad, succeeded in possessing himself of Herat
with the good will of the inhabitants ; and Sa'id Muhammad Khan,
having fallen into his hands, was put to death in revenge for the murd 61
of Kamran by Yar Muhammad Khan.
In the spring of 1856 the Persian Government, presuming on the
supposed embarrassments of Britain, whose representative had laM^
withdrawn from Tehran in consequence of other disputes, or wishing
perhaps to gain advantages at Herat which could be relinquished later
on in part settlement of British claims, despatched troops to Herat;
these were at first readily admitted to the town by Muhammad Yus u
in whose interests they were ostensibly sent. This Persian occupation
lasted only a few weeks; a rising occurred which resulted in tIie

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2008] (525/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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