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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2010] (527/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Persia and
between the
rulers of
Kabul and
Herat and
annexation of
Herat to
] 862—63.
support. He continued^ nevertheless, to behave in every respect as a
vassal of Persia. In 1858 he received a Russian Mission under M,
KhanikofP at Herat, but he gave it no encouragement.
The Persian province of Khurasan suffered greatly at this time from
Turkman raids, and this circumstance was an important factor in the
relations of Persia with Herat. According to one Persian official,
chief object in desiring possession of Herat was merely to secure a
for operations against Merv. Early in 1855 His Royal Highness Sultan
Murad Mirza, then Governor-General of Khurasan, invaded Turkistan
and temporarily occupied Merv; but Herat affairs soon diverted the
attention of the Persian Government to another quarter. In 1858,
after the settlement of the Herat question, a Persian army again
beseiged Merv, but was almost annihilated by the Turkmans ^ a Herat!
force, however, was successful, soon ?fter, in visiting the Turkmans with
condign punishment. Somewhat later the Persian Government substi*
tuted His Royal Highness Hamzah Mirza for Sultan Murad Mirza in
the Governor-Generalship of Khurasan, and this change was followed
by a Persian advance against Merv, in June 1860, in very great force]
but the operations again resulted in the almost total destruction of the
Persian army. In September 1861, Hamzah Mirza having in the mean
time been recalled, an effort was made by the Persian Government to
retrieve this disaster ; but the force which they sent was routed and cut
to pieces before it reached Sarakhs.
Dost Muhammad Khan, the Amir of Kabul, had solne years teen
gradually extending the limits of his power in Afghanistan. In 1855;
on the death of Kuhndil Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. of Qandahar, he annexed that
principality to his own dominions; and in 1856, Herat being then in the
power of the Persians he took possession of Farah, an undoubted depen
dency of Herat. In 1862 Sultan Ahmad Khan availed himself of local
troubles to expel the Kabuli garrison of Farah ,* and Dost Muhammad
Khan instantly replied to his action by marching against Herat. I n
June the Amir was at Qandahar, and by October he had closely invested
the town of Herat. The siege continued until May 1863, when Herat
fell and was incorporated with the Afghan principality of Kabul; no w
called Afghanistan. Sultan Ahmad Khan had died of apoplexy shoitly
before the capture of the place, and Dost Muhammad Khan hims^
expired in the month of June following.
The proceedings of Dost Muhammad Khan excited the liveliest app 10 '
hensions on the part of the Persian Government, who regarded the
cation of Afganistan with dismay and feared that the next undertake

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2010] (527/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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