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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2018] (535/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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General * Sir James Outram, a military officer of the Hon'ble East
Jndia Company's service, but employed in the Political Department.
The annexation of Oudh had lately been effected through Sir J. Outrain
who had experience of many other parts of India also ; but when wai
with Persia was decided on. he was at home in England. The appoint
ment of an officer of his service and antecedents to the chief command
was an innovation ; but the result justified his selection in an eminent
degree. Sir J. Outram arrived at Bombay on the 22nd December 1856,
by which time some preliminary operations had taken place in the Gulf,
and sailed again on the 15th January 1857, for Persia. On the 27th
January he reached Bushehr, which had been occupied before his arrival
The expeditionary force originally destined for Persia, afterwards
the 1st Division of the Persian Field Force, was embodied in India with
effect from the 30th October 1856 and sailed at various dates on the
following month, arriving at the place of rendezvous in the Persian
Gulf by the 24th November. It consisted, apparently, of two t squadrons
of the 3rd Regiment of (Native) Light Cavalry and two troops of the
Poona Irregular Horse ; of the 3rd Troop of Horse Artillery and the 3rd
and 5th (European) Light Field Batteries with a reserve ; and of two
Infantry Brigades, the first consisting of His Majesty's 64th Regiment
of Foot and the 20th Regiment of (Bombay) Native Infantry, the other
of the 2nd European Light Infantry, the 4th (Rifle) Regiment of
(Bombay) Native Infantry, and the 2nd Baluch Battalion ; together
with two Companies of Sappers and Miners. The total strength of the
force was 5,670 fighting men, of whom 2,270 were Europeans, with 3,75^)
followers, 1,150 horses, and 430 bullocks. It was conveyed to Persia
in 37 transports (7 steamers and 30 sailirig ships), escorted by 8 war
^Sir J. Outram (1803 63) was educated at Aberdeen and obtaiRed an Indian cadet-
ship in 1819. He formed the Bhil Corps, and in 1835 he becama a Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. of
the Government of India. In 1838 he was extra A. D. C. to Sir J. Keane, and in
he was appointed Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Lower (and later in Upper) Sind. He disapproved
of the annexation of that province, but he valiantly defended the Sind Residencj when
it was attacked. In 1843 he was employed in a military capacity in the Maratha
country. In 1847 he was transferred from Satara to Baroda. He became Kesident#
Oudh in 1854, carried out the annexation of Oudh in 1856, and was the first British Chief
Commissioner of Oudh. The conduct of the Persian War was his principal achievement,
but he also distinguished himself in the Mutiny operations in India which followed it-
Made a K. C. B. in 1856, and a G. C. B. in 1857 after the Persian War, he received a
baronetcy in 1858. Sir C. Napier described him as 44 the Bayard of India," and it
said of him: " A fox is a fool and a lion a coward by the side of Sir J. Outram."
t The remainder of the 3rd Light Cavalry and Poona Horse must have been adde*
later, tor both regiments are afterwards found in strength at Bushehr.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2018] (535/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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