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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2020] (537/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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the Persian Government would be able to place in the field between Shiraz
and the coast^ and in exaggerating the difficulties which the Persians
would have to encounter in bringing guns down from the high plateau
of Persia to the seaboard. These mistakes necessitated some readjust'
ment of Sir J. Outranks plans after his arrival at the front.
Another disappointment which the commander of the expedition had
to face was caused by the discovery that there were no independent I
Persian or Arab tribes, such as he had been authorised to enlist^ and on |
whose enlistment he had largely counted : all the available local tribes
were subjects either of the Shah or of the Sultan of Turkey. Sir J. I
Outram^s instructions in regard to his dealings with Persians were
explicit. No attempt was to be made to subvert the reigning Shall or
his dynasty; the Shah's people were not to be instigated to rebel against
their own Government; and no Persian subjects were to be enrolled in
the British service. Sir J. Outranks original scheme depended to a great
extent upon the organisation of local mounted levies on the model of the
Sind Horse,—a task which he intended to entrust to GeneralJacob, i
He argued strongly, at first, in favour of a modification of his orders I
which would admit of his taking the natives of territory actually occupied
into British military service, for he considered that there was little
difference in principle between encouraging the inhabitants of districts 1
under occupation to furnish supplies and inducing them to serve as
soldiers, he feared that the tribes could not remain neutral and he
thought that the future safety of such tribesmen as might enlist witb
the British could be sufficiently guaranteed by an amnesty clause
inserted in the final treaty of peace, no encouragement being i 11
the meanwhile given to any tribal notions of permanent independence
of Persia. The Governor-General of India, however, for various
reasons, was strongly opposed to local enlistment ; and Sir J .Outram
himself in the end came to disapprove of it, and even wrote to boi ,( i
Canning after peace had been concluded : " Fortunately 1 ^ 110
occasion to resort to the contemplated measure of embodying ^ es
from among my so-called f conquered tribes/ for I am now convinced
by Your Lordship's unanswerable arguments that I should, by so doing,
have committed a very grave error.^ On the other hand, after the
war had ceased, authority for the enlistment of local levies was receive^
from Her Majesty's Government who had been persuaded of ei
pediency of the measure by Sir J. Outram's original arguments. ^
absence of telegraphic communication had a marked effect upon the
conduct of the Anglo-Persian war from first to last.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2020] (537/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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