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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2034] (551/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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The Renter
foot a body of British officers possessing Persian experience,—4wo results
wKich, in the atmosphere of indifference to Persia then prevailing in
British official circles, could not otherwise have been attained. A full
account of the telegraph operations in Persia will be found in the
Appendix on the Telegraphs of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ,
Difficulties in regard to the position of the boundary between Persia
and Kalat having arisen in connection with the passage of a telegrapli
line through Makran, a joint Anglo-Persian Boundary Commission was
suggested in 1S69, formed in 1870, and resulted in September 1871 in
the acceptance by the Shah of a frontier proposed by Colonel Golds-
mid, the British Commissioner. Details concerning this Commission and
its work are given in the chapter on the history of Persian Makran.
The establishment of telegraphs drew the attention of commercial
Europe to Persia, and projects for the exploitation of the natural and
industrial resources of the country followed as a matter of course, Miiza
Husain Khan, the enlightened Prime Minister whom the Shah called to
office in 1871, showed from the first a strong disposition to a good under'
standing, of an active and practical character, with Britain. He did
what lay in his power to remove an evil impression that had been pro*
duced in Persia by the establishment of close relations between the
Government of India and the Amir of Afghanistan in 1869 ; he combated
the idea, prevalent in Persia, that in the frontier difficulties between
Persia and Turkey, which had become acute, Britain inclined perversely
to favour the Turks; and he facilitated, so much as he could, the adjust
ment of differences which arose between Britain and Persia in regard to
the Makran and Sistan boundaries and to Bahrain affairs.
supreme effort of his policy, which " aimed at the regeneration of Persia
through the identification of her interests with those of Great Britain
was the Eeuter Concession, granted on the 25th July 1872, not long
before the ShaVs first journey to Europe. The concessionaire was Baron
Julius de Renter, a naturalised British subject; and the scope of tbe
concession itself will appear from the following description of it
Sir H. Rawlinson :
This gigantic monopoly, at which Europe stood aghast, comprised the following
items; the construction of a railway from the Caspian to the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , with any
number of subsidiary branches; the laying down of tramways throughout J
Kingdom ; the exclusive working of all the Persian mines, excepting those of
silver ; the introduction of works of irrigation on whatever scale was deemed exped^
the establishment of a national bank ; the issue of a loan of six millions sterling*
a Persian guarantee of 5 per cent, interest, and 2 per cent, sinking fund; tog e ^
JEngland and Russia in the East, page 125.

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This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2034] (551/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 21 July 2024]

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