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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2035] (552/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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138 a
ith a right to initiate all remunerative public works, such as lighting with gas, payr
m g m belHsliing the capital ; making roads, bridges and embankments ; postal and
ff raphic extensions ; mills, factories, and workshops, etc., and filially a farm of the
entire customs of the empire for a period of 25 years. The Grant Vizier, who, with
his confidential adviser, Mirza Malcom Khan, now minister in England, was responsible
for this extraordinary delegation of Imperial powers to the hands of a private company,
doubt considered that he had sufficiently protected the interest of the Persiai)
Crown, by providing that 20 per cent, of the net profits of the Railway and 15 per
ceil t of all other net profits should accrue to the Government; while in respect to the
customs, he had stipulated that the aggregate proceeds of the present time should be
augmented for five years by an annual fixed sum of £20,000, and during the remainder
of the term by a transfer to the Shah of 60 per cent, of the difference between th^
present farm and the actual proceeds.
The concession evoked a storm of indignation in Russia^ and eventu
ally in Persia itself, where a nationalist party had begun to take shape
and chafed against alienation to foreigners of,* the complete and exclu
sive control of the whole industrial resources of the empire for a period
of seventy years.^ In the autumn of 1873, on his return from his tour
in Europe^ the Shah found it necessary, in view of the excited state of
public opinion, to rescind the concession entirely. The caution money,
amounting to £40,000 was declared forfeited to the Persian Government
on the ground of failure by the concession^holder to carry out what he
W undertaken to perform within a given period; and for sixteen years,
though forfeiture was unjust, the money was not repaid.
It has already been mentioned that Nasir-ud-Din Shah, in the course
of a European tour, paid a visit to England in 1873. He was attended
during his stay there by Sir A. B. Kemball, formerly Assistant Resident
at Bushehr and Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. in Turkish 'Iraq, There is no doubt
that an effort was made in England by the Shah and his Prime Minister,
Mirza Husain Khan, who accompanied him, to elicit some admission
from the British Foreign Office of the importance of Persia as afactor in
the defence of India, and some promise of support; but it was not
deemed expedient by the Statesmen to whom they applied to approach
Russia^ offended and alarmed as she then was by the still uncancelled
Reuter Concession, on the subject of an express renewal of the Russo-
British assurances jointly extended to Muhammad Shah on his acces
sion j and the conversations ended merely in agreement as to the desir
ability of cordial and sympathetic relations being maintained between
Britain and Persia, The Shah is also understood to have expressed his
dissatisfaction with the award of the British Commissioner in the Sistan
boundary case; but no modification of the award resulted.
^England and Russia in the East, Page 125.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2035] (552/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 9 December 2023]

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