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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2039] (556/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Bagdad I 11 following year, however; the decision was reconsi
dered and the Tehran Legation replaced under the Foreign Office, Sir
H Rawlinson resigning his appointment as Minister, apparently by way
of protest.
The question in regard to Tehran was among the subjects submitted
^ a Committee of the House of Commons which was appointed in 1870
to report on the British diplomatic and consular services ; and their find
ing on it, dated 18th May 1871, was worded as follows :
That while they have received conflicting evidence of the highest authority, on either
side of the question, your Committee, on the whole, incline to the opinion, that the Persian
Mission should be placed under the authority of the Secretary of State for India; but
that if the responsible advisers of the Crown decide that such a change is not for the
public interest, your Committee recommend that the members of the Persian Mission
generally should be selected by the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from Her
Majesty 's Indian Service, and that the present charge of £12,000 a year on the Indian
revenues for the expense of such a Mission should be diminishedj so as to throw a
larger proportion of the expense upon Imperial revenues.
No action was taken on these recommendations, unless such may be
traced in subsequent appointments of officers of the Indian army to the
fost of military attache at Tehran, or in the selection in 1894 of Sir
Mortimer Durand of the Indian Civil Service to be British Minister in
1870 -71.
Relations of Russia with Persia, 1848—1896.
The relations of Russia and Persia during the reign of Nasir-ud-Dm
Shah present no very salient feature ; but the latter part of the period
was marked by increasing Russian influence and pressure^in Northern
Persia, which however, ill accordance with the changed spirit of the times,
were rather commercial than military in their manifestations. Russian
political rivalry of Britain in the Persian field still prevailed, and even
became intense j but the aspect w T hich it assumed was outwardly
economic, and the Anglo-Russian understanding of 1834 for the main-
teiiance of the independence and integrity of Persia still subsisted and
was even reaffirmed in 1888.
On Easter eve, or Easter night, 1851 a daring raid was made by Turkmali
independent Turkmans on the Russian naval station of Ashlirada in the ^ghurada,
Caspian j and, notwithstanding the presence of at least one Russian i- 85 !*
man-of-war, a clean sweep was made of the settlement, some Itussians
being killed, some wounded, and others carried off into captivity. The
Russians persisted in attributing blame, in connection with this affair, to

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2039] (556/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 6 December 2023]

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