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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2041] (558/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Shah's entire readiness to enter into their views, found himself placed
in a highly embarrassing predicament. He argued repeatedly and ve
hemently on the subject with the Sadar A^zam,—whom at one interview
he had the misfortune to strike with his cane,—but to no purpose ; and
presently he was recalled from Tehran.
Later the Shah, excited by the news of warlike preparations in
Europe, once more lent a favourable ear to Russian overtures for an
offensive alliance; but again the Sadr A^zam succeeded in penetrating
his intentions and in inducing him to repudiate engagements that he had
The Persian Government, it would seem, found it almost impossible to
abstain from plunging, on one side or the other, into so great and inter
esting a struggle as the Crimean war; and their assistance was next
offered to the Allies. These, however, declined it and strongly recom
mended Persia to remain neutral, which in the end she decided to do;
but not until recourse had been had by the Government of India, as
described in the chapter on the history of Turkish ''Iraq, to a mild naval
demonstration in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and on the Shatt-al-^Arab.
After the Crimean war Russia embarked on a forward policy in Asia,
and her progress eastwards and southwards seemed for a time to be
viewed by Persia with a complacent eye. About 1869, however, Russians
proceedings on the eastern coasts of the Caspian brought the question of
the Eusso-Persian frontier in that quarter Under dispute, and thence
forward Persia was again all caution in her dealings with her northern
As illustrating the attitude of Russia in commercial questions during
the latter part of Nasir-ud-Din Shah^s reign, may be quoted someprocee*
dings which she took in regard to the construction of railways in
Persia. On the 18th September 1887 the Shah was brought by the
Russian Minister at Tehran to sign an agreement binding himself not
to authorise the construction of any railway or waterway in Persia by
a foreign company without previous consultation with the Russian
Emperor. The engagement was extorted by a threat that, in event of
a concession being granted without reference to Russia, the Tsar might
withdraw from his position as a guarantor of the integrity of Persia ;
aud it was clearly directed against a British scheme for a railway from
Ahwaz to Tehran. As a set-off to the opening of the Lower Karun to
ligation in October 1888, which was regarded as a British success,
^6 Uussian Minister at Tehran in March 1889 obtained from the Shah
Later rela
tions of
Persia and
iinposed by
Eussia on
the construe
tion of rail
ways in
Persia, 1889-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2041] (558/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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