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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2052] (569/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Cholera at
Bush eh r,
Famine in
shown by
the Shah and
of Persia in
the Persian
Coast and
grievously over the inhabitants. The Darya Baigi on his part sent
emissaries to Kharag who, after swearing fidelity to Shaikh Husain on
the Quran ; entered his service and then attempted to seize him; but the
Shaikh, leaving behind him his cannon and military stores, which fell
into the hands of the Persians, made good his escape to the banks of the
Shatt-al-Arab. In January 1852 the Darya Baigi received a robe of
honour as a reward for his success at Kharag, salutes were fired, and the
people of Bushehr were ordered to decorate their houses in honour of the
auspicious occasion.
The immediate results of the establishment of a regular administra
tion at Bushehr were excellent. The Tangistanis ceased to give trouble;
the inhabitants of Bushehr returned to their homes; and trade began to
flourish. The Shaikhs of Bushehr never regained their position as
Governors, and history does not even relate what became of Shaikhs
Nasir and Husain.
There was an epidemic of cholera at Bushehr in the autumn of 1851,
which at first threatened to be severe. When the disease broke out in
August the number of deaths daily was about 30 ; but it disappeared in
October after causing a total mortality of about 500 only.
A famine which caused great distress and a heavy mortality, especi
ally in the southern provinces, prevailed in Persia from the middle of
1870 to the middle of 1872. The inhabitants of Fars were scattered in
all directions, and there was a ghastly influx into Bushehr of foot-sore
and emaciated multitudes, some of whom fell dead on arrival at the
town, while others dropped by the way along the road from Shiraz. A"
outbreak of cholera at Bushehr in February 1871 contributed to aggra
vate the situation. Measures which were taken through the Britisk
authorities at Bushehr to prevent grain from leaving the country and to
organise a system of famine relief fall under the head of British relations
and are discussed further on.
Before passing to the internal and administrative history of tie
districts of the Persian Coast and Islands after 1872, we may notice
symptoms of interest in that part of their dominions which were mani
fested from time to time by the Shah and the Central Government
In 1874, under orders from Tehran, a "box of justice" was set up
at Bushehr in which persons of all classes having grievances ww 6
allowed to place petitions for direct transmission to the Shah, and an
octroi duty on fruit and vegetables, till then levied at Bushehr,
A weekly Persian post between Bushehr and Tehran was —
1877, as related in the special Appendix on Mail Communications

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2052] (569/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 November 2023]

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