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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2056] (573/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of the districts of Ispahan, the Bakhtiyari country, Yazd, Burujird ; Luris-
tan and ■'Arabistan. Until the arrival at Shiraz in June 1881 of the
Jalal-ud-Dauleh, a young son whom the Zill-us Sultan deputed to repre
sent him in Fars, he himself remaining at Ispahan, the administration
was carried on provisionally by the Qavvam-ul-Mulk, the most influ
ential noble of Shiraz; and the Jalal-ud-Dauleh was accompanied
to his post by the Sahib Divan, a brother of the Qavvam -ul-Mulk ; in the
capacity of mentor. In revenue matters the Government of the Zilks-
Sultan was more considerate, at least at the outset, than that of the
Mo^tamad-ud-Dauleh; but he did not shrink from acts of extreme
severity, and for a time the tranquillity of the province was maintained
with great success. The Zill-us-Sultan had pretensions to European
culture, and he devoted some attention to the military training, on
Austrian lines, of the troops under his orders; but the sincerity of the pro-
British sentiments which he frequently expressed was open to doubt.
In 1882 began the removal, piece-meal, of ports and districts in the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. from the jurisdiction of the Governor-General of Fars.
1 he first to go were Lingeh and Bandar ^Abbas; they were transferred
to the management of the Amin-us-Sultan, a favourite officer of the Shah
and afterwards head of the Persian Ministry, who about this time became
sole manager or rather farmer of the customs throughout Persia, and
udder whose orders the customs house at Bushehr also, though not as yet
the administration of that town, was placed. At the end of 1883 died
the Mushir-ul-Mulk, ex-Vazir of Fars, whose power the Mo 'tamad-ud-
Dauleh had broken; he was a man of immense wealth and the originator
of many useful public works. His death was followed within a few days
by that of the Qavvam-ul-Mulk, his rival and bitter enemy, whose title
was continued to his son Muhammad Riza Khan. In 1884 there were
dissensions between the Sahib Divan, the actual ruler of Fars, and his
nephew the new Qavvam-ul-Mulk; and the administration of the
province began to deteriorate and to provoke unfavourable comparisons
with what it had been in the days of the Mo'tamad-ud-Dauleh. ^
1886 the Jlal-ud-Dauleh had reached years of discretion; but he
remained a cypher in the Government, and real power continued to be
wielded by the Sahib Divan alone, who obtained the removal of the
Qavvam-ul-Mulk to Isfahan as a prisoner.
In February 1887 Fars was taken from the Zill -us -Sultan and con
ferred on the Amin-us-Sultan; and the result was a general upturn of
political conditions. The Qavvam-ul-Mulk, who had meanwhile been

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2056] (573/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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