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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2064] (581/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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of Shaikli
o^Shalkh 11 ^ Shaikh Khallfah was succeeded by his son ^Ali^ who too young to
'Ali, 1874-78. transact business himself, was at first largely in the hands of others •
and the Persian authorities profited by his minority to interfere more in
Lingeh affairs than they had been accustomed to do ; and to increase
their financial demands. The revenues were let to the Shaikh's principal
adviser, Muhammad Hasan Khan at an enhanced rate; but that
individual, finding the inhabitants prepared to desert Lingeh rather
than submit to increased taxation, was fain to sublet them at a loss
to the youth his master. Even the reduced amount proved incapable
of collection ; and the Wazlr was then made a scape-goat and exiled,
his private property being all confiscated.
In November 1878 the short and troubled administration of Shaikh
''Ali ended with his assassination at the village of Mirakun hj the
followers of a certain Shaikh Yusuf, the guardian appointed for him by his
father, whom he had dismissed from employment. The Persian authori
ties showed no displeasure at this occurrence, and even recognised
Yusuf as Deputy Governor of Lingeh on their behalf but in 1878-79,
perhaps from the death of Shaikh 'AH, the Nasir-ul-Mulk of Shiraz,
became titular Governor of Lingeh.
In 1881, in consequence of aggressions by Shaikh Yusuf on British
Indian traders, the Governor-General of Fars appointed a "Passport
Officer ,, to reside at Lingeh and act in matters affecting foreigners.
In the spring of 1882 it was reported that Lingeh had been separated
from Pars and made over to the Amln-us-Sultan, the court favourite
at Tehran; but the statement was contradicted by high Persian autho
rities, though they admitted, that the customs had been farmed to the
Amin-us-Sultan. The separation of Lingeh from Pars proved, however,
to be a fact; and Muhammad Hussain Khan, the agent of the Amm-us-
Sultan in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ^ soon began to exercise general authority
there through a local Wali, who was none other than Shaikh Yusuf
An attempt was made in May 1882 by the Amm -us-Sultan ; s repre
sentative to introduce various innovations at Lingeh, among which was
the institution of a permanent committee of mechants to decide all
mercantile cases; but the last mentioned scheme was opposed by the
British authorities and was abandonded. Shaikh Yusuf still possessed
considerable tribal power, and in March 1885 an armed conflict between
him and the Shaikh of Charak was with difficulty averted by mediation.
Government the 19th April 1885 Shaikh Yusuf was murdered by a relation,
Shaikh Qadhib. His widow and sons fled at first to the British settle-

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2064] (581/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 20 July 2024]

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