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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2094] (611/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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111 li ill run
i I
proposed to include Rig in the ports visited by their steamers ; but the
scheme was obstinately resisted by the Persian authorities^ who regarded
with disfavour the development of trade at ports north of Bushehr,
where they were not in a position to levy customs. The Bushehr
Government even went so far as to seize several wheat-cleaning machines
which Messrs. G-ray^ Paul & Co. had placed in boats for despatch
to Rig, and one of the machines was broken. These proceedings and the
unauthorised limitation of the amount of grain that might be exported
from Bushehr necessitated fresh representations at Tehran, in which a
point was made of the virtual closure of the port of Rig to British trade;
and after a time the machines were restored to the owners with compen
sation, the restrictions on the quantity of grain to be exported from
Bushehr were withdrawn, and British merchants were permitted to buy
grain at Rig on condition of exporting it from Bushehr,—another matter
in regard to which there had been difficulty. Finally, however, the
Governor of Bushehr, ignoring the orders of the central Goveniment,
intimated to the British Resident that, as there was scarcity at Bushehr,
the amount of grain exported by British merchants must not exceed
4,000 Mans per mensem. The manipulation of a local restriction in
some shape or form was evidently too valuable a privilege to be fore
On the 22nd April 1889 the British Minister at Tehran telegraphed
to the Resident at Bushehr that, on account of scarcity the exportation of
corn from the South of Persia had been forbidden. The British
merchants at Bushehr protested against the imposition of this embargo
without notice, and asserted that grain was plentiful, mentioning that
they themselves held considerable stocks. On representations being
made, the Persian Government gave orders against interference with
the export of grain purchased before the embargo had been notified.
Again in June 1891, notwithstanding an excellent harvest in the
plain country, the exportation of grain was again interdicted; but con
tracts formed before the issue of the edict were allowed to be executed.
An embargo on the exportation of wheat was enacted in May
and remained in force until January 1894, drawing from the British
Resident at Bushehr the following remarks
The measure, whicli is of periodical recurrence, though injuriously affecting the
regular operations of the more important merchants, who are Europeans, is very generally
recognised as being practically;ineffectual. Any real restraint on export from the nc i
corn-producing sea-board tracts from Bushire towards the mouth of the Buphrat^
would be most difficult; and, even if seriously intended or attempted, would be harol/

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2094] (611/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 December 2023]

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