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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2095] (612/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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weatiieii .L
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Wts li[ ^
,r( wi% :
cticauic,* in view of the fact that scarcely any other means than by sea are available
for dispQ^S ^ P 1 ' 0 ^ 1106, ^ thinly veiled and quasi surreptitious export is under
stood to be carried on at Bushire itself during these embargoes. 3
In regard to the following year, April 1894 to March 1895, the
Resident wrote
The beginning of the year saw a revival of the vexatious and useless embargo on
the export of wheat. The action taken was sudden ; it was unexpected also in view
of the fact that the previously existing embargo had only been removed three months
before; indeed, everything connected with this mischievous measure was irregular,
capricious and uncertain. Difficulties at once arose in regard to stock for export already
purchased or contracted for, and were not arranged without much trouble. British
merchants protested, and the newly appointed Governor, immediately on his arrival,
sought our support in representations at Tehran against the measure on the ground of
its uselessness as regards its ostensible object—the relief of scarcity at Shiraz—which
the miserable state of the road and the cost of transport practically barred, and the
injury to the producers in view of the abundant harvest in the coast districts. A certain
remedy for the situation after Persian methods was soon found in an extensive evasion
of the edict, considerable shipments beingimade with very transparent secrecy, with
the result that export to the value of over £21,000 was effected during a year over three-
fourths of which the embargor ested. So good a harvest would, however, doubtless have
produced a heavier export under normal conditions as the uncertainty and vexatious
to which the trade was liable could not but operate to materially restrict it.
In 1895-96 grain was again subject to a nominal embargo throughout
the year; but the prohibition was freely evaded during the greater part
of the period. One of the chief recommendations of the measure in the
eyes of the local Persian officials was still, clearly, the means which it
afforded of extorting money from merchants—in the form of doucaurs
for connivance at evasion'—^without open violation of the treaty rights of
The working of the Persian customs in relation to British trade also,
at times, gave cause for serious dissatisfaction.
In 1856, the Persian authorities having enhanced the revenue payable 1856—92
by the Arab Shaikh who then governed Lingah, the Shaikh in his turn
sought, apparently at the suggestion of the Persian authorities themselves,
to increase the rates at which customs duty was recovered from
merchants. The British India traders of Lingah at once protested, and
tbey were supported by the British authorities in their refusal to pay
customs at a higher rate than the 5 per cent, ad valorem sanctioned by
the Anglo-Persian Commercial Treaty of 1841, which was then still
in force.
British trade
and the
* The meaning seems to be that, though export b>y sea might be prevented, other
districts of Persia would not benefit on account of the badness of internal communica-
tions, and that the measui e could therefore hardly be successful.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2095] (612/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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